Characterisation of humic acids, isolated from selected sub-antarctic soils by 13C-NMR spectroscopy

Authors Name:   

Evgeny Abakumov

Journal: Czech Polar Reports
Issue: 7
Volume: 1
Page Range: 1-10
No. of Pages: 10
Year: 2017


Publishers: muniPress Masaryk University Brno
ISSN:    1805-0689 (Print), 1805-0697 (On-line)
Language: English

Soils of Antarctic considered as underestimated in terms of soils organic matter polls, organic remnants humification/mineralization rates and biogenic-abiogenic interactions. Humic acids of selected Sub Antarctic soils were investigated in terms of elemental and structural composition with special reference to evaluation of organic matter stabilisation degree and assessment of carbon species distributions in the molecules with use of solid state 13C-NMR spectroscopy. It was shown, that the prevailing of aliphatic compounds on the aromatic one is more pronounced in Antarctic soils than in Arctic ones. Average portion of the aromatic compounds is about 20% in humic acids, extracted from soils with evident ornitogenic effect from Fildes Peninsula (Norh-West Antarctic peninsula). This indicates that the role of humification precursors composition is the leading in the humification process. The stabilisation rate of the Antarctic HAs can be assessed as low and the potential risk of biodegradation of their molecules are high.


Keywords: humic acids, Antarctic, 13C-NMR spectroscopy, soil organic matter


Abakumov, E. V. (2010): The sources and composition of humus in some soils of West Antarctica. Eurasian Soil Science, 43: 499-508.

Abakumov, E., Mukhametova, N. (2014): Microbial biomass and basal respiration of selected Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic soils in the areas of some Russian polar stations. Solid Earth, 5: 705-712.

Abakumov, E., Lodygin, D. and  Tomashunas, V. (2015): 13C-NMR and ESR characterization of humic substances isolated from soils of two Siberian Arctic islands. International Journal of Ecology7 p.,  http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/390591.

Abakumov, E., Trubetskoj, O., Demin, D. and Trubetskaya, O. (2014): Electrophoretic evaluation of initial humification in organic horizons of soils of western Antarctica. Polarforschung, 83: 73-82.

Abakumov, E. V.,  Andreev, M. P. (2011): Temperature of humus soil horizons of the King George Island, Western Antarctica. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, 3 (2): 129-133.

Abakumov, E. V., Fattakhova, Yu. M. (2015): Structural composition of humic acids of ornitogenic soils on the data of 13C-NMR resonance. Russian Ornitology, 1165: 2463-2466.

Abakumov, E. V.  Popov, A. I. (2005): Determination of the carbon and nitrogen contents and oxidizability of organic matter and the carbon of carbonates content in one soil sample. Eurasian Soil Science, 38: 165-172.

Abakumov, E. V., Parnikoza, I. Y., Vlasov, D. Y. and Lupachev, A. V. (2016): Biogenic-abiogenic interaction in Antarctic ornithogenic soils. In: O. Frank-Kamenetskaya, E. Panova, D. Vlasov (eds): Biogenic-Abiogenic Interactions in Natural and Anthropogenic Systems, pp. 237-248.

Beyer, L., Hans-Peter, B. and Erlenkeuser, H. (1995): Soil organic matter composition and transformation in a swamp soil from algae of coastal continental Antarctica. Polarforschung, 65 (3): 117-122, 1995 (erschienen 1998).

Bölter, M. (2001): Soil development and soil biology on King George Island, Maritime Antarctic.  Polish Polar Research, 32: 105-116, doi: 10.2478/v10183−011−0002−z.

Calace, N., Campanella, L., Paolis, F. and De Petronio, B. M. (1995): Characterization of Humic Acids Isolated from Antarctic Soils. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 60: 71-78.

Casanova-Katny, A. M., Cavieres, L. A. (2012): Antarctic moss carpets facilitate growth of  Deschampsia antarctica but not its survival. Polar Biology, 35: 1869-1878.

De Souza Carvalho, J., De Sá Mendonça, E., Barbosa, R., Reis, E., Seabra, P. and Schaefer, C. (2010): Impact of expected global warming on C mineralization in maritime Antarctic soils: Results of laboratory experiments. Antarctic Science, 22: 485-493.

Chukov, S. N., Abakumov, E. V. and Tomashunas, V. M. (2015): Characterization of humic acids from Antarctic soils by nuclear magnetic resonance. Eurasian Soil Science, 48: 1207-1211.

Convey, P. (2013). Maritime Antarctic climate Change: Signals from terrestrial biology. Antarctic Research Series, 79: 145-158.

Dziadowiec, H., Gonet, S. and Plichta, W. (1994): Properties of humic acids of Arctic tundra soils in Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 15: 71-81.

Davidson, E. A., Janssens, I. A. (2006): Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature, 440: 165-173.

Ejarque, E., Abakumov, E. (2016): Stability and biodegradability of organic matter from Arctic soils of Western Siberia: insights from 13C-NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Solid Earth, 7: 153-165.

Fritz, M., Deshpande, B. N., Bouchard, F., Högström, E., Malenfant-Lepage, J., Morgenstern, A., Nieuwendam, A., Oliva, M., Paquette, M., Rudy, A. C. A., Siewert, M. B., Sjöberg, Y. and Weege, S. (2014): Brief Communication: Future avenues for permafrost science from the perspective of early career researchers. The Cryosphere, 9: 1715-1720.

Hugelius, G., Strauss, J., Zubrzycki, S., Harden, J. W., Schuur, E. A. G., Ping, C.-L., Schirrmeister, L., Grosse, G., Michaelson, G. J., Koven, C. D., O’Donnell, J. A., Elberling, B., Mishra, U., Camill, P., Yu, Z., Palmtag, J. and Kuhry, P. (2014): Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps. Biogeosciences, 11: 6573-6593.

Markov, K. K. (1956): Some data on periglacial processes in Antarctica. Transactions Moscow University, Ser. 1, Georgaphy, pp. 139-148.

Markov, K. K. (1958): Modern Antarctic as ancient model of glaciation for Northern Hemisphere. Scientific Reports of School, Geology and Georgaphy, No. 1, pp. 53- 62.

McGuire, A. D., Anderson, L. G., Christensen, T. R., Dallimore, S., Guo, L. D., Hayes, D. J., Heimann, M., Lorenson, T. D., Macdonald, R. W. and Roulet, N. (2009): Sensitivity of the carbon cycle in the Arctic to climate change. Ecological Monographs, 79: 523-555.

Mishra, U., Jastrow, J. D., Matamala, R., Hugelius, G., Koven, C. D., Harden, J. W., Ping, C. L., Michaelson, G. J., Fan, Z., Miller, R. M., McGuire, a. D., Tarnocai, C., Kuhry, P., Riley, W. J., Schaefer, K., Schuur, E. A. G., Jorgenson, M. T. and Hinzman, L. D. (2013): Empirical estimates to reduce modeling uncertainties of soil organic carbon in permafrost regions: a review of recent progress and remaining challenges. Environmental Research Letters, 8: 35020.

Parnikoza, I. Yu, Abakumov, E. V., Dykyy, I. V., Pilipenko, D. V., Shvydun, P. P., Kozeretska, I. A. and Kunakh, V. A. (2015): Influence of birds on the spatial distribution of Deschampsia antarctica (Desv.) on th Galindez Island (Argentinean Islands, coastal Antarctic). Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Seriya 3, Biologiya 1: 78-97.

Peter, H.-U. (2008): Risk assessment for the Fildes peninsula and Ardley  Island and development of management plans for their designation as  specially protected areas. Jena University, Jena, pp. 1-344.

Schnitzer, M. (1982): Organic matter characterization. In: Methods of soil analysis, Part 2, Chemical and microbiological properties, Agronomy monograph no. 9, edited by: Page, B., Miller, R., and Keeney, D., Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 581-594.

Schuur, E. A. G., McGuire, A. D., Grosse, G., Harden, J. W., Hayes, D. J., Hugelius, G., Koven, C. D. and Kuhry, P. (2015): Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature, 520: 171-179.

Tarnocai, C., Canadell, J. G., Schuur, E. A. G., Kuhry, P., Mazhitova, G. and Zimov, S. (2009): Soil organic carbon pools in the northern circumpolar permafrost region. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, 1–11, doi:10.1029/2008GB003327.

Zaccone, C., Miano, T. M. and Shotyk, W. (2007): Qualitative comparison between raw peat and related humic acids in an ombrotrophic bog profile. Organic Geochemistry, 38: 151-160.

Zech, W., Senesi, N., Guggenberger, G., Kaiser, K., Lehmann, J., Miano, T. M., Miltner, A. and Schroth, G. (1997): Factors controlling humification and mineralization of soil organic matter in the tropics. Geoderma, 79: 117-161.

Zubrzycki, S., Kutzbach, L., Grosse, G., Desyatkin, A. and Pfeiffer, E.-M. (2013): Organic carbon and total nitrogen stocks in soils of the Lena River Delta. Biogeosciences, 10: 3507-3524, doi:10.5194/bg-10-3507-2013.


Web sources / Other sources

[1] Isolation of IHSS samples http://humic-substances.org/isolation-of-ihss-samples/

[2] IPCC – Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change: Climate Change 2007, Cambridge, University Press, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 2007.