Cyanoprokaryotes of the west part of Oscar II Land, West Spitsbergen Island, Spitsbergen archipelago

Authors Name:   

Denis Davydov

Journal: Czech Polar Reports
Issue: 7
Volume: 1
Page Range: 94-108
No. of Pages: 15
Year: 2017


Publishers: muniPress Masaryk University Brno
ISSN:    1805-0689 (Print), 1805-0697 (On-line)
Language: English

The present study provides new information about the diversity of freshwater and terrestrial cyanoprokaryotes of the western part of the Oscar II Land, Spitsbergen (Svalbard) archipelago. Altogether, and 51 taxa were found in different habitats (29 species was found on wet rocks, 21 on the seepages, 18 on the lakes, 11 on the moss tundra), mainly in wet ones. Nostoc commune, Gloeocapsa kuetzingiana, Microcoleus autumnalis, and Microcoleus vaginatus dominated almost all types of habitats. Aphanocapsa rivularis and Woronichinia karelica are reported for the first time for Spitsbergen flora. The studied flora is most similar to the flora of the vicinity of settlement Pyramiden. Since all these areas are dominated by carbonate rocks, it can assume that this might be due to the similarity of the geological conditions. In general, the cyanobacterial (cyanoprokaryotes) flora of western part of the Oscar II Land includes widespread, frequent and typical Spitsbergen species.


Keywords: Cyanoprokaryota, Cyanobacteria, Arctic, Svalbard, diversity, ecology


Ague, J. J., Morns, A. P. (1985): Metamorphism of the Müllerneset Formation, St. Jonsfjorden, Svalbard. Polar Research, 3: 93-106.

Aleksandrova, V. D. (1980): The Arctic and Antarctic: their division into geobotanical areas. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 247 p.

Davydov, D. А. (2005): Terrestrial cyanobacteria of east coast of Grønfjord (West Spitsbergen Island). Kompleksnye issledovaniya prirody Shpitsbergena [Complex investigations of Spitsbergen Nature], 5: 377–382. (In Russian).

Davydov, D. A. (2008): Cyanoprokaryota. In: N. E. Koroleva, N. A. Konstantinova, O. A. Belkina, D. A. Davydov, A. Yu. Likhachev, A. N. Savchenko and I. N. Urbanavichiene (eds.): Flora and vegetation of Grønfjord area (Spitsbergen archipelago). K&M, Apatity, pp. 93-102.

Davydov, D. А. (2010): Cyanoprokaryota of the Spitsbergen archipelago: the state of study. Botanicheskij zhurnal [Russian Botanical Journal], 95: 169-176. (In Russian).

Davydov, D. А. (2011): Diversity of the Cyanoprokaryota of the Grønfjord western coast (Spitsbergen, Svalbard). Botanicheskiy zhurnal [Russian Botanical Journal], 96: 1409-1420. (In Russian).

Davydov, D. (2013): Diversity of the Cyanoprokaryota in polar deserts of Rijpfjorden east coast, North-East Land (Nordaustlandet) Island, Spitsbergen. Algological Studies, 142: 29-44.

Davydov, D. (2014): Diversity of the Cyanoprokaryota of the area of settlement Pyramiden, West Spitsbergen Island, Spitsbergen archipelago. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica, 51: 13-23.

Davydov, D. (2016): Diversity of the Cyanoprokaryota in polar deserts of Innvika cove North-East Land (Nordaustlandet) Island, Spitsbergen. Czech Polar Reports, 6 (1): 66-79.

Elster, J. (2002): Ecological classification of terrestrial algal communities in polar environments. In: L. Beyer and M. Bölter (eds.): Geoecology of Antarctic ice-free coastal landscapes. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 303-326.

Elvebakk, A., Theisen, F. and Brude, O. (1998): Biogeografiske soner på Svalbard. Tromsø, Norway: Norwegian Polar Institute. [https://data.npolar.no/dataset/0f65f8e1-bc8d-4754-9a8d-5db4bb809dc8].

Kaštovská, K., Elster, J., Stiball, M. and Šantrùèková, H. (2005): Microbial assemblages in soil microbial succession after glacial retreat in Svalbard (High Arctic). Microbial Ecology, 50: 396-407.

Kim, G. H., Klochkova, T. A. and Kim, S. H. (2008): Notes on freshwater and terrestrial algae from Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard (high Arctic sea area). Journal of Environmental Biology, 29 (4): 485-491.

Kim, G. H., Klochkova, T. A., Han, J. W., Kang, S.-H., Choi, H. G., Chung, K. W. and Kim, S. J. (2011): Freshwater and terrestrial algae from Ny-Ålesund and Blomstrandhalvøya Island (Svalbard). Arctic, 64 (1): 25-21.

Komárek, J. (2013): Cyanoprokaryota 3. Teil: Heterocytous genera. In: B. Büdel, G. Gärtner, L. Krienitz and M. Schlager (eds.): Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa 19/3. Springer Spektrum, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1133 p.

Komárek, J., Anagnostidis, K. (1998): Cyanoprokaryota 1. Teil: Chroococcales. In: H. Ettl, G. Gärtner, G. Heynig and D. Mollenhauer (eds): Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa 19/1. Gustav Fisher, Jena-Stuttgart-Lübeck-Ulm, 548 p.

Komárek, J., Anagnostidis, K. (2005): Cyanoprokaryota 2. Teil: Oscillatoriales. In: B. Büdel, G. Gärtner, L. Krienitz and M. Schlager (eds.): Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa 19/2. Elsevier/Spektrum, Heidelberg, 759 p.

Komárek, J., Kováèik, L., Elster, J. and Komárek, O. (2012): Cyanobacterial diversity of Petuniabukta, Billefjorden, central Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 33 (4): 347-368.

Komárek, J., Taton, A., Sulek, J., Wilmotte, A., Kaštovská, K. and Elster, J. (2006): Ultrastructure and taxonomic position of two species of the cyanobacterial genus Schizothrix. Cryptogamie: Algologie, 27: 53-62.

Kverndal, A.-I. (1991): Some notes on glacial geomorphology in the inner part of St. Jonsfjorden. Svalbard. Polar Research, 9 (2): 215-217.

Matu³a, J. (1982): Investigations on the algal flora of West Spitsbergen. Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis, 525: 173-194.

Matu³a, J., Swies, F. (1989): Wstêpna charakterystyka fykoflory rejonu Bellsundu (Spitsbergen Zachodni) [Preliminary characteristics of algae in the south-western coast of Bellsund (Western Spitsbergen)]. In: Polar Session. Natural Environment Research of West Spitsbergen. Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, 97-110 p. (In Polish).

Matu³a J., Pietryka M., Richter, D. and Wojtun, B. (2007): Cyanoprokaryota and algae of Arctic terrestrial ecosystems in the Hornsund area, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 28: 283-315.

Melechin, A. V., Davydov, D. A., Shalygin, S. S. and Borovichev, E. A. (2013): Open information system on biodiversity cyanoprokaryotes and lichens CRIS (Cryptogamic Russian Information System). Bulleten MOIP. Otdel biologicheskiy [Bulletin MOIP. Department of Biology], 118 (6): 51-56. (In Russian).

Nowakowskiy, A. B. (2004): Vozmozhnosti i principy programnogo modulya «GRAPHS» [Features and principles of the program module «GRAPHS»]. Institut biologii, Syktyvkar: 28 p. (In Russian).

Oleksowicz, A. S., Luœciñska, M. (1992): Occurrence of algae on tundra soils in Oscar II Land, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 13: 131-147.

Perminova, G. N. (1990): Pochvennye vodorosli nekotoryh rajonov severa Evrasii i Dalnego Vostoka [Soil algae of some areas of northern Eurasia and the Far East]. Kirov, Submitted to VINITI, № 4471-В90, 41 p. (In Russian).

Plichta, W., Luœciñska, M. (1988): Blue-green algae and their influence on development of tundra soils in Kaffiöyra, Oscar II Land, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 9: 475-484.

Richter, D., Matu³a, J. and Pietryka, M. (2009): Cyanobacteria and algae of selected tundra habitats in the Hornsund fiord area (West Spitsbergen). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 38: 65-70.

Skulberg, O. M. (1996): Terrestrial and limnic algae and cyanobacteria. In: A. Elvebakk and P. Prestrud (eds.): A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria. Norsk Polarinstitutt, Skrifer, Oslo, pp. 383-395.

Steffensen, E. (1982): The climate of Norwegian Arctic Station. Klima, 5: 1-18.

Stephenson, S. L. (1988): Distribution and ecology of myxomycetes in temperate forests. I. Patterns of occurrence in the upland forests of southwestern Virginia. Canadian Journal of Botany, 66: 2187-2207.

Stibal, M., Šabacká, M. and Kaštovská, K. (2006): Microbial communities on glacier surfaces in svalbard: Impact of physical and chemical properties on abundance and structure of cyanobacteria and algae. Microbial Ecology, 52: 644-654.

Thomasson, K. (1958): Zur Planktonkunde Spitzbergens, 1. Hydrobiologia, 12: 2-3.

Thomasson, K. (1961): Zur planktonkunde Spitzbergens, 2. Hydrobiologia, 18: 192-198.

Turicchia, S., Ventura, S., Schütte, U., Soldati, E., Zielke, M. and Solheim, B. (2005): Biodiversity of the cyanobacterial community in the foreland of the retreating glacier Midtre Lovènbreen, Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Algological Studies, 117: 427-440.

Vincent, W. F. (2007): Cold tolerance in cyanobacteria and life in the cryosphere. In: J. Seckbach (ed.): Algae and cyanobacteria in extreme environments. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 287-301.

Willen, T. (1980): Phytoplankton from lakes and ponds on Vestspitsbergen. Acta Phytogeo-graphica Suecica, 68: 173-188.

Wolda, H. (1981): Similarity indices, sample size and diversity. Oecologia, 50: 296-302.



Web sources / Other sources

[1] CYANOpro data base (http://kpabg.ru/cyanopro/)

[2] Norwegian Polar Institute (http://www.npolar.no)