Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Urban Biodiversity

Coordination

Zdeňka Lososová

Collaboration

Tomáš Čejka (SAV Bratislava), Natálie Čeplová, Jiří Danihelka, Karel Fajmon (ČSOP Bílé Karpaty), Michal Horsák, Milan Chytrý, Lucie Juřičková (UK Praha), Veronika Kalusová, Deana Láníková, Zdenka Preislerová, Vladimír Řehořek, Lubomír Tichý, Bohuslav Uher

Funding

  • Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, grant no. 14-10723S
  • Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, project no. IAA601630803
  • Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic, long-term research plan no. MSM0021622416

Project aims

The project deals with biodiversity of large Central European cities. It uses standardized sampling protocols in selected man-made habitats and selected cities, representing areas of central Europe with different macroclimatic and socioeconomic characteristics. The focus is on two model taxonomic and ecological groups: vascular plants, land snails, and epilithic and epixylic algae and cyanobacteria.
The main questions are:

  1. How does spread of alien species depend on the macroclimate of different parts of Central Europe and different types of urban habitats?
  2. Does urban environment positively or negatively affect diversity of native species and overall species richness of the selected taxonomic groups?
  3. Does urbanization cause biotic homogenization, and if so, is homogenization manifested both at the level of species and the level of species traits? Which habitats and species groups are most homogenized?
  4. Are the patterns in urban diversity consistent between different taxonomic groups?

Partial results

  • Database of flora in Brno (in Czech)
  • Research papers

    • Čeplová N., Lososová Z., Zelený D., Chytrý M., Danihelka J., Fajmon K., Láníková D., Preislerová Z., Řehořek V., Tichý L. (2015): Phylogenetic diversity of central-European urban plant communities: effects of alien species and habitat types. Preslia 87: 1-16. fulltext in pdf
    • Horsák M., Čejka T. (2008): Cecilioides petitiana in Slovakia - a second record after more than 60 years. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 7: 15-16.
    • Horsák M., Juřičková L., Kintrová K., Hájek O. (2009): Patterns of land snail diversity over a gradient of habitat degradation: a comparison of three Czech cities. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 3453-3466.
    • Horsák M., Lososová Z., Čejka T., Juřičková L., Chytrý M. (2013): Diversity and biotic homogenization of urban land-snail faunas in relation to habitat types and macroclimate in 32 Central European cities. PLoS ONE 8: e71783. fulltext in pdf
    • Horsák M., Šteffek J., Čejka T., Ložek V., Juřičková L. (2009): Occurrence of Lucilla scintilla (R. T. Lowe, 1852) and Lucilla singleyana (Pilsbry, 1890) in the Czech and Slovak Republics - with remarks how to distinguish these two non-native minute snails. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 8: 24-27.
    • Chytrý M., Lososová Z., Horsák M., Uher B., Čejka T., Danihelka J., Fajmon K., Hájek O., Juřičková L., Kintrová K., Láníková D., Otýpková Z., Řehořek V., Tichý L. (2012): Dispersal limitation is stronger in communities of microorganisms than macroorganisms across Central European cities. Journal of Biogeography 39: 1101-1111. fulltext in Wiley Online Library
    • Láníková D. (2009): Neofyty na zdech v České republice. Zprávy České botanické společnosti 44: 99-109. fulltext in pdf
    • Láníková D., Lososová Z. (2009): Rocks and walls: natural versus secondary habitats. Folia Geobotanica 44: 263-280. fulltext on SpringerLink
    • Lososová Z., Horsák M., Chytrý M., Čejka T., Danihelka J., Fajmon K., Hájek O., Juřičková L., Kintrová K., Láníková D., Otýpková Z., Řehořek V., Tichý L. (2011): Diversity of Central European urban biota: effects of human-made habitat types on plants and land snails. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1152-1163. fulltext in Wiley Online Library
    • Lososová Z., Chytrý M., Tichý L., Danihelka J., Fajmon K., Hájek O., Kintrová K., Kühn I., Láníková D., Otýpková Z., Řehořek V. (2012): Native and alien floras in urban habitats: a comparison across 32 cities of central Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 545-555. fulltext in Wiley Online Library
    • Lososová Z., Chytrý M., Tichý L., Danihelka J., Fajmon K., Hájek O., Kintrová K., Láníková D., Otýpková Z., Řehořek V. (2012): Biotic homogenization of Central European urban floras depends on residence time of alien species and habitat types. Biological Conservation 145: 179-184.
    • Lososová Z., Láníková D. (2010): Differences in trait composition between rocky natural and artificial habitats. Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 520-530. fulltext on Wiley InterScience
    • Lososová Z., Otýpková Z., Danihelka J., Láníková D. (2009): Diverzita květeny středoevropských velkoměst. Veronica 23: 6-9.
    • Lososová Z., Simonová D. (2008): Changes during the 20th century in species composition of synanthropic vegetation in Moravia (Czech Republic). Preslia 80: 291-305. fulltext pdf file
    • Simonová D., Lososová Z. (2008): Which factors determine plant invasions in man-made habitats in the Czech Republic? Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 10: 89-100. fulltext on ScienceDirect