Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class AD
Mulgedio-Aconitetea Hadač et Klika in Klika et Hadač 1944
Subalpine tall-forb and deciduous-shrub vegetation

ADA Calamagrostion villosae

ADB Calamagrostion arundinaceae

ADC Salicion silesiacae

ADD Adenostylion alliariae

ADE Dryopterido filicis-maris-Athyrion distentifolii

The class Mulgedio-Aconitetea includes tall-forb, tall-grass, tall-fern and deciduous-shrub vegetation occurring mainly in the subalpine belt, where it is confined to leeward habitats with deep, moist and nutrient-rich soils. The communities of this class usually occur in naturally treeless habitats along mountain brooks, on lower slopes and on avalanche tracks. In winter, plants are protected by pronounced snow cover, which acts as a an important moisture supplement after the spring thaw. The Mulgedio-Aconitetea vegetation is common in many European and southern Siberian mountain ranges.

Orig. (Klika & Hadač 1944): Mulgedio-Aconitetea Hadač-Klika 1944

Syn.: Betulo-Adenostyletea Br.-Bl. et Tx. 1943 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Betulo carpaticae-Alnetea viridis Rejmánek in Huml et al. 1979

Diagnostic species: Salix lapponum, S. silesiaca; Aconitum plicatum, Adenostyles alliariae, Athyrium distentifolium, Calamagrostis villosa, Cicerbita alpina, Delphinium elatum, Epilobium alpestre, Gentiana asclepiadea, Laserpitium archangelica, Ligusticum mutellina, Ranunculus platanifolius, Rumex arifolius, Veratrum album subsp. lobelianum, Viola biflora

Constant species: Athyrium distentifolium, Avenella flexuosa, Bistorta major, Calamagrostis villosa, Deschampsia cespitosa, Gentiana asclepiadea, Rumex arifolius, Senecio nemorensis agg., Vaccinium myrtillus, Veratrum album subsp. lobelianum

Source: Kočí M. (2007): AD Mulgedio-Aconitetea Hadač et Klika in Klika et Hadač 1944. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 92-93.