Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class TD
Molinio-Arrhenatheretea Tüxen 1937
Meadows and mesic pastures

TDA Arrhenatherion elatioris

TDB Polygono bistortae-Trisetion flavescentis

TDC Cynosurion cristati

TDD Molinion caeruleae

TDE Deschampsion cespitosae

TDF Calthion palustris

This class includes mown meadows and mesic pastures of temperate regions of Europe and adjacent parts of Asia. With a few exceptions, the class encompasses secondary vegetation developed under the long-term continuous influence of humans in habitats that would be naturally occupied by mesic or wet, broad-leaved forests. A large diversity of meadows, typical of the Czech landscape before the 1950s, is currently declining due to the abandonment of poorly accessible or less productive sites along with the concomitant intensification of fodder production at other sites.

Orig. (Tüxen 1937): Molinieto-Arrhenatheretales (Br.-Bl. 1930) Tx. 1937

Diagnostic species: Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca pratensis, Lathyrus pratensis, Lychnis flos-cuculi, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Trisetum flavescens

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. millefolium s. str. a A. pratensis), Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca rubra agg., Holcus lanatus, Lathyrus pratensis, Poa pratensis s. l., P. trivialis, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa

Source: Chytrý M. & Blažková D. (2007): TD Molinio-Arrhenatheretea Tüxen 1937. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 166-168.