Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TDB02
Melandrio rubri-Phleetum alpini Blažková in Krahulec et al. 1997

Melandrio rubri-Phleetum alpini

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes meadows of the montane belt in the Krkonoše Mountains, which also rarely occur in the lower part of the subalpine belt near the timberline. There is also one historical record from the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains. When compared to Geranio sylvatici-Trisetetum flavescentis, these meadows are more typical of higher altitudes and contain some alpine species, e.g. Campanula bohemica, Phleum rhaeticum and Potentilla aurea. Due to higher precipitation at higher altitudes, soils are leached and have low pH.

Orig. (Krahulec et al. 1997): Melandrio-Phleetum alpini Blažková, ass. nova (Melandrium rubrum ~ Silene dioica, Phleum alpinum ~ P. rhaeticum)

Diagnostic species: Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Bistorta major, Campanula bohemica, Cardaminopsis halleri, Crepis conyzifolia, Crepis mollis, Geranium sylvaticum, Gnaphalium sylvaticum, Hypericum maculatum, Phleum rhaeticum, Phyteuma spicatum, Poa chaixii, Potentilla aurea, Silene dioica, S. vulgaris, Viola lutea subsp. sudetica

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (A. millefolium s. str.), Agrostis capillaris, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Alopecurus pratensis, Anthoxanthum odoratum s. l., Avenella flexuosa, Bistorta major, Campanula bohemica, Cardaminopsis halleri, Crepis mollis, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca rubra agg., Geranium sylvaticum, Gnaphalium sylvaticum, Hypericum maculatum, Leontodon hispidus, Luzula campestris agg., Myosotis palustris agg. (M. nemorosa), Nardus stricta, Phleum rhaeticum, Phyteuma spicatum, Poa chaixii, P. pratensis s. l., Potentilla aurea, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Silene dioica, S. vulgaris, Solidago virgaurea, Trifolium repens, Veronica chamaedrys agg. (V. chamaedrys s. str.), Viola lutea subsp. sudetica

Dominant species: Agrostis capillaris, Festuca rubra agg., Geranium sylvaticum, Potentilla aurea

Formal definition: Group Geranium sylvaticum AND Group Potentilla aurea NOT Avenella flexuosa cover > 25 % NOT Nardus stricta cover > 25 %

Source: Blažková D. (2007): TDB02 Melandrio rubri-Phleetum alpini Blažková in Krahulec et al. 1997. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 191-193.