Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TDF03
Angelico sylvestris-Cirsietum palustris Darimont ex Balátová-Tuláčková 1973

Angelico sylvestris-Cirsietum palustris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes wet meadows on acidic, base-poor soils, which are common on the siliceous bedrocks at medium and higher altitudes of the Bohemian Massif. They are absent from lowlands and the flysch-dominated regions of the Carpathians. Persistent water-logging supports development of a rich moss layer and impedes biomass decomposition, resulting in formation of a shallow peat layer covering the soil surface. These meadows are often spatially and successionally linked to fens.

Orig. (Balátová-Tuláčková 1973): Angelico-Cirsietum palustris Darimont 1941 (Angelica sylvestris)

Syn.: Polygono-Cirsietum palustris Balátová-Tuláčková 1974, Junco filiformis-Polygonetum bistortae Balátová-Tuláčková 1981, Sanguisorbo-Polygonetum bistortae Balátová-Tuláčková 1985, Cirsio palustris-Calthetum Balátová-Tuláčková 1997

Diagnostic species: Agrostis canina, Angelica sylvestris, Caltha palustris, Cardamine pratensis agg. (C. pratensis s. str.), Carex echinata, C. nigra, C. panicea, Cirsium palustre, Galium uliginosum, Juncus conglomeratus, J. filiformis, Luzula campestris agg., Lychnis flos-cuculi, Myosotis palustris agg., Ranunculus auricomus agg., Valeriana dioica, Viola palustris; Aulacomnium palustre

Constant species: Agrostis canina, A. stolonifera, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Alopecurus pratensis, Angelica sylvestris, Anthoxanthum odoratum s. l. (A. odoratum s. str.), Bistorta major, Briza media, Caltha palustris, Cardamine pratensis agg. (C. pratensis s. str.), Carex echinata, C. nigra, C. ovalis, C. panicea, Cirsium palustre, Deschampsia cespitosa, Eriophorum angustifolium, Festuca rubra agg., Galium palustre agg., G. uliginosum, Holcus lanatus, Juncus conglomeratus, J. effusus, J. filiformis, Lathyrus pratensis, Luzula campestris agg., Lychnis flos-cuculi, Myosotis palustris agg., Nardus stricta, Poa pratensis s. l., P. trivialis, Potentilla erecta, Ranunculus acris, R. auricomus agg., Rumex acetosa, Sanguisorba officinalis, Scirpus sylvaticus, Valeriana dioica, Viola palustris; Aulacomnium palustre, Climacium dendroides, Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Dominant species: Bistorta major, Caltha palustris, Carex nigra, Juncus filiformis, Ranunculus acris; Aulacomnium palustre, Climacium dendroides, Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Formal definition: Group Caltha palustris AND Group Lychnis flos-cuculi AND Group Viola palustris NOT Group Cirsium rivulare NOT Group Eriophorum latifolium NOT Juncus acutiflorus cover > 25 %

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2007): TDF03 Angelico sylvestris-Cirsietum palustris Darimont ex Balátová-Tuláčková 1973. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 247-250.