Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TDF05
Polygono bistortae-Cirsietum heterophylli Balátová-Tuláčková 1975

Polygono bistortae-Cirsietum heterophylli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This wet meadow type is dominated by the continental species Cirsium heterophyllum. It occurs in seepage areas in the montane belt of most mountain ranges of the Bohemian Massif, being most common in the Krkonoše, Jizerské hory, Šumava and Novohradské hory Mountains. Soils are acidic, with low calcium status.

Orig. (Balátová-Tuláčková 1975): Polygono-Cirsietum heterophylli ass. nova (Polygonum bistorta ~ Bistorta major)

Syn.: Deschampsio-Cirsietum heterophylli Balátová-Tuláčková 1985

Diagnostic species: Agrostis capillaris, Bistorta major, Cirsium heterophyllum, Crepis mollis, Galium uliginosum, Hypericum maculatum, Myosotis palustris agg., Ranunculus auricomus agg.

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. millefolium s. str.), Agrostis capillaris, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Alopecurus pratensis, Angelica sylvestris, Bistorta major, Cardamine pratensis agg. (C. pratensis s. str.), Cirsium heterophyllum, C. palustre, Crepis mollis, Deschampsia cespitosa, Festuca rubra agg., Galium uliginosum, Hypericum maculatum, Lathyrus pratensis, Lychnis flos-cuculi, Myosotis palustris agg., Poa trivialis, Potentilla erecta, Ranunculus acris, R. auricomus agg., Rumex acetosa, Veronica chamaedrys agg. (V. chamaedrys s. str.); Cirriphyllum piliferum

Dominant species: Bistorta major, Cardaminopsis halleri, Cirsium heterophyllum, Myosotis palustris agg., Sanguisorba officinalis, Scirpus sylvaticus

Formal definition: Cirsium heterophyllum cover > 25 % AND Group Caltha palustris

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2007): TDF05 Polygono bistortae-Cirsietum heterophylli Balátová-Tuláčková 1975. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 257-259.