Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TDF06
Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Calthetum palustris Balátová-Tuláčková 1985

Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Calthetum palustris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These montane wet meadows, usually dominated by Chaerophyllum hirsutum, occur in partially shaded places around springs. Throughout the year soils are strongly saturated with water. Some stands consist of natural herbaceous vegetation developed in wet canopy openings, while others are occasionally mown. The association occurs in the montane belt of all high mountain ranges of the Czech Republic.

Orig. (Balátová-Tuláčková 1985d): Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Calthetum palustris ass. nova

Syn.: Groupement à Chaerophyllum cicutaria et Caltha palustris Buttler et al. 1983 (§ 3c), Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Crepidetum paludosae Balátová-Tuláčková in Balátová-Tuláčková et Venanzoni 1990

Diagnostic species: Caltha palustris, Cardamine amara subsp. amara, Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Cirsium rivulare, Crepis paludosa, Myosotis palustris agg.

Constant species: Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Angelica sylvestris, Caltha palustris, Cardamine amara subsp. amara, Carex nigra, Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Cirsium rivulare, Crepis paludosa, Festuca rubra agg., Galium palustre agg., Juncus effusus, Myosotis palustris agg., Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Scirpus sylvaticus

Dominant species: Caltha palustris, Cardamine amara subsp. amara, Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Cirsium rivulare, Crepis paludosa, Scirpus sylvaticus; Calliergonella cuspidata, Plagiomnium affine s. l., Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Formal definition: Group Caltha palustris AND Group Cardamine *amara NOT Carex paniculata cover > 25 % NOT Cirsium heterophyllum cover > 50 % NOT Cirsium oleraceum cover > 50 % NOT Filipendula ulmaria cover > 50 % NOT Scirpus sylvaticus cover > 50 %

Source: Hájková P. & Hájek M. (2007): TDF06 Chaerophyllo hirsuti-Calthetum palustris Balátová-Tuláčková 1985. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 259-262.