Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TEC01
Festuco capillatae-Nardetum strictae Klika et ©marda 1944

Festuco capillatae-Nardetum strictae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This is a species-rich, low-growing grassland dominated by Nardus stricta. It occurs on nutrient-poor soils over acidic bedrocks such as granite, gneiss and sandstone. It is found in the submontane and montane belts of all mountain ranges of the Czech Republic. Traditionally these grasslands were grazed or mown, but today most of them have been abandoned and are disappearing due to nutrient enrichment and subsequent spread of more strongly competitive, nutrient-demanding species.

Orig. (Klika & ©marda 1944): Nardeto-Festucetum capillatae (Nardus stricta, Festuca capillata ~ F. filiformis)

Syn.: Hyperico-Polygaletum Preising ex Klapp 1951, Polygalo-Nardetum Oberdorfer 1957, Gymnadenio-Nardetum Moravec 1965

Diagnostic species: Antennaria dioica, Briza media, Carex pilulifera, Danthonia decumbens, Nardus stricta, Polygala vulgaris, Potentilla erecta, Veronica officinalis, Viola canina

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. millefolium s. str.), Agrostis capillaris, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Anthoxanthum odoratum s. l. (A. odoratum s. str.), Briza media, Carex pilulifera, Danthonia decumbens, Festuca rubra agg., Hieracium pilosella, Holcus lanatus, Leontodon hispidus, Leucanthemum vulgare agg., Lotus corniculatus, Luzula campestris agg., Nardus stricta, Plantago lanceolata, Polygala vulgaris, Potentilla erecta, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Thymus pulegioides, Veronica officinalis, Viola canina; Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Dominant species: Agrostis capillaris, Nardus stricta, Potentilla erecta; Aulacomnium palustre, Pleurozium schreberi, Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Formal definition: Nardus stricta cover > 25 % AND Group Viola canina

Source: Krahulec F. (2007): TEC01 Festuco capillatae-Nardetum strictae Klika et ©marda 1944. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 299-301.