Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TEC02
Campanulo rotundifoliae-Dianthetum deltoidis Balátová-Tuláčková 1980

Campanulo rotundifoliae-Dianthetum deltoidis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These grasslands are dominated by Festuca rubra agg. They occur on nutrient-poor, moderately dry soils which are disturbed by erosion on steep slopes, by grazing animals or by burning. Most of these stands were used as pastures, but some were also occasionally mown for hay. This association usually occurs in smaller patches rather than in extensive stands. It is distributed in submontane and montane belts of all mountain ranges of the Czech Republic.

Orig. (Balátová-Tuláčková 1980): Campanulo rotundifoliae-Dianthetum deltoidis Balátová-Tuláčková, ass. nova

Syn.: Thymo pulegioidis-Festucetum ovinae Oberdorfer et Görs in Görs 1968 (§ 31, younger homonym: non Thymo pulegioidis-Festucetum Oberdorfer 1957), Hyperico maculati-Deschampsietum flexuosae Balátová-Tuláčková 1985

Diagnostic species: Agrostis capillaris, Danthonia decumbens, Dianthus deltoides, Euphrasia rostkoviana, Polygala vulgaris, Viola canina

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. millefolium s. str.), Agrostis capillaris, Alchemilla vulgaris s. l., Anthoxanthum odoratum s. l. (A. odoratum s. str.), Briza media, Campanula rotundifolia agg. (C. rotundifolia s. str.), Centaurea jacea, Danthonia decumbens, Dianthus deltoides, Festuca rubra agg., Hieracium pilosella, Hypericum maculatum, Knautia arvensis agg., Leontodon hispidus, Leucanthemum vulgare agg., Lotus corniculatus, Luzula campestris agg., Nardus stricta, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago lanceolata, Polygala vulgaris, Potentilla erecta, Prunella vulgaris, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Thymus pulegioides, Trifolium pratense, T. repens, Veronica chamaedrys agg. (V. chamaedrys s. str.), Viola canina; Plagiomnium affine s. l., Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Dominant species: Agrostis capillaris, Brachypodium pinnatum, Danthonia decumbens, Festuca rubra agg., Hieracium pilosella, Leontodon hispidus, Lotus corniculatus, Luzula campestris agg., Potentilla erecta, Thymus pulegioides; Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Formal definition: Festuca rubra agg. cover > 25 % AND Group Viola canina

Source: Krahulec F. (2007): TEC02 Campanulo rotundifoliae-Dianthetum deltoidis Balátová-Tuláčková 1980. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 301-304.