Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TEF01
Vaccinio-Callunetum vulgaris Büker 1942

Vaccinio-Callunetum vulgaris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes heathlands dominated by Calluna vulgaris and accompanied by Vaccinium myrtillus and V. vitis-idaea. They occur on acidic, nutrient-poor soils in submontane and montane belts. Most stands are secondary at deforested sites, but some stands of this vegetation may occur naturally on rock outcrops. They are distributed in most mountain ranges of the Czech Republic, and occasionally also at low altitudes, where they mostly occur on cooler north-facing slopes.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Büker 1942): Calluneto-Vaccinietum Büker 1941 (Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, V. vitis-idaea)

Syn.: Cetrario islandicae-Callunetum vulgaris ©marda 1950, Cytiso-Antennarietum Preising 1953, Genisto germanicae-Callunetum Oberdorfer 1957, Arnico-Callunetum Schubert 1960, Vaccinio myrtilli-Callunetum vulgaris Schubert 1960

Diagnostic species: Antennaria dioica, Arnica montana, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium vitis-idaea; Cetraria islandica, Cladonia arbuscula, C. merochlorophaea, Pleurozium schreberi, Ptilidium ciliare

Constant species: Avenella flexuosa, Calluna vulgaris, Luzula campestris agg., Nardus stricta, Potentilla erecta, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi

Dominant species: Calluna vulgaris, Nardus stricta, Vaccinium vitis-idaea; Pleurozium schreberi

Formal definition: Calluna vulgaris cover > 25 % AND (Group Vaccinium myrtillus OR Group Vaccinium vitis-idaea) NOT Group Festuca supina NOT Group Eriophorum vaginatum

Source: Chytrý M. (2007): TEF01 Vaccinio-Callunetum vulgaris Büker 1942. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 312-314.