Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association TEF03
Festuco supinae-Vaccinietum myrtilli ©marda 1950

Festuco supinae-Vaccinietum myrtilli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes subalpine heathlands dominated by Vaccinium myrtillus. In winter the heathlands are covered by a deep, continuous snow cover, which protects Vaccinium against frost and strong winds. They occur in areas around and above the timberline in the Krkonoąe, Hrubý Jeseník and Králický Sněľník Mountains, where they can locally cover extensive areas. Isolated stands of Vaccinium myrtillus heathland containing some high-mountain species are also found in other mountain ranges.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (©marda 1950): Asociace: Vaccinium myrtillus-Festuca supina

Syn.: Calamagrostio villosae-Vaccinietum myrtilli ©marda 1950 (§ 31, younger homonym: non Calamagrostio villosae-Vaccinietum myrtilli Sillinger 1933), Calamagrostio villosae-Vaccinietum Schubert 1960 (fantom), Calamagrostio villosae-Vaccinietum Schubert 1973, Rhodococco-Vaccinietum myrtilli Sýkora 1972 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Hieracium alpinum agg., Homogyne alpina, Ligusticum mutellina, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus; Lophozia lycopodioides, Cetraria islandica, Dicranum fuscescens

Constant species: Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Homogyne alpina, Luzula luzuloides, Nardus stricta, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea

Dominant species: Calamagrostis villosa, Molinia caerulea s. l. (M. caerulea s. str.), Vaccinium myrtillus

Formal definition: Vaccinium myrtillus cover > 25 % AND Group Trientalis europaea NOT Group Eriophorum vaginatum NOT Pinus mugo cover > 25 % NOT Pinus rotundata cover > 5 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2007): TEF03 Festuco supinae-Vaccinietum myrtilli ©marda 1950. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 317-319.