Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THD01
Festuco valesiacae-Stipetum capillatae Sillinger 1930

Festuco valesiacae-Stipetum capillatae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This vegetation type is dominated by the narrow-leaved tussock-forming grasses such as Festuca valesiaca and Stipa capillata. It contains many generalist species of central and eastern European dry grasslands, but several species of continental steppe are also present, e.g. species of the genus Astragalus. It occurs on south-facing slopes in warm, dry areas of northern and central Bohemia and in southern Moravia, mostly on deep soils over loess and on soft calcareous sediments, occasionally also on limestone or basalt. These grasslands have been traditionally subject to grazing, however, today most of them are abandoned.

Orig. (Sillinger 1930): Festuceto (vallesiacae)-Stipetum capillatae

Syn.: Stipetum capillatae Dziubałtowski 1925 (§ 36, nomen ambiguum), Ranunculo illyrici-Festucetum valesiacae Klika 1931, Astragalo-Stipetum Knapp 1944, Festuco valesiacae-Stipetum capillatae Mahn 1965, Astragalo austriaci-Stipetum capillatae Vicherek in Vicherek et Unar 1971 ms., Minuartio setaceae-Stipetum capillatae Vicherek in Vicherek et Unar 1971 ms.

Diagnostic species: Achillea setacea, Artemisia campestris, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Carex supina, Centaurea stoebe, Dianthus carthusianorum s. l., Eryngium campestre, Festuca valesiaca, Koeleria macrantha, Potentilla arenaria, Seseli hippomarathrum, Silene otites s. l. (predominantly S. otites s. str.), Stipa capillata, Thymus pannonicus, Veronica prostrata

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. collina), Artemisia campestris, Asperula cynanchica, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Centaurea stoebe, Dianthus carthusianorum s. l., Eryngium campestre, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca valesiaca, Galium verum agg. (G. verum s. str.), Koeleria macrantha, Potentilla arenaria, Scabiosa ochroleuca, Seseli hippomarathrum, Silene otites s. l. (predominantly S. otites s. str.), Stipa capillata, Thymus pannonicus

Dominant species: Festuca rupicola, F. valesiaca, Koeleria macrantha, Stipa capillata

Formal definition: (Festuca valesiaca cover > 25 % OR Stipa capillata cover > 25 %) AND (Group Potentilla arenaria OR Group Stipa capillata) NOT Group Jasione montana NOT Group Lactuca perennis NOT Stipa tirsa cover > 25 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2007): THD01 Festuco valesiacae-Stipetum capillatae Sillinger 1930. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 411-413.