Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance THE
Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadač et Klika ex Klika 1951

This alliance includes semi-dry grasslands dominated by Brachypodium pinnatum and Bromus erectus. Unlike the physiognomically similar grasslands of the alliance Bromion erecti, they contain several continental species typical of eastern European meadow steppes. Many stands are very rich in species. These grasslands occur on deeper, calcareous soils in warm and dry areas of Central Europe. At some sites they may be relicts of primary meadow steppes in forest-steppe vegetation complexes, while at other sites they may have developed as a secondary vegetation replacing former oak or oak-hornbeam forests. Traditionally these grasslands were extensively grazed or mown for hay. Today traditional use has been abandoned in many stands, but at some localities mowing has been re-introduced as a conservation measure.

Orig. (Klika 1951): svaz: Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadač-Klika 1944 (Cirsium acaule, C. pannonicum)

Syn.: Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadač et Klika in Klika et Hadač 1944 (§ 2b, nomen nudum)

Diagnostic species: Asperula cynanchica, Aster amellus, A. linosyris, Astragalus onobrychis, Brachypodium pinnatum, Bromus erectus, Bupleurum falcatum, Carex humilis, Carlina vulgaris s. l., Centaurea scabiosa, Chamaecytisus ratisbonensis, Cirsium acaule, Dorycnium pentaphyllum s. l., Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca rupicola, Inula ensifolia, Linum catharticum, L. tenuifolium, Medicago falcata, Onobrychis arenaria, Ononis spinosa, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago media, Polygala major, Potentilla heptaphylla, Prunella grandiflora, Salvia pratensis, S. verticillata, Sanguisorba minor, Scabiosa canescens, S. ochroleuca; Campyliadelphus chrysophyllus, Fissidens dubius, Homalothecium lutescens

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg. (predominantly A. collina), Asperula cynanchica, Brachypodium pinnatum, Bupleurum falcatum, Centaurea jacea, C. scabiosa, Cirsium acaule, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca rupicola, Galium verum agg. (G. verum s. str.), Knautia arvensis agg., Leontodon hispidus, Linum catharticum, Lotus corniculatus, Ononis spinosa, Pimpinella saxifraga, Plantago media, Salvia pratensis, Sanguisorba minor, Scabiosa ochroleuca; Homalothecium lutescens

Source: Novák J. & Chytrý M. (2007): THE Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati Hadač et Klika ex Klika 1951. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 425-427.