Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association THE04
Plantagini maritimae-Caricetum flaccae Novák in Chytrý 2007

Plantagini maritimae-Caricetum flaccae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This grassland is usually co-dominated by Bromus erectus and Carex flacca, with a remarkable participation of the halophyte Plantago maritima. It occurs in the warm, dry area of north-western Bohemia with less than 500 mm of annual precipitation. It is found on toe slopes covered by dry grasslands, in shallow depressions and near springs. Soils are heavy, clayey, developed over claystone, marl or colluvial sediments. They are wet in spring and early summer but dry out considerably in late summer. In the past this vegetation type has been extensively grazed by sheep and goats.

Diagnostic species: Agrimonia eupatoria, Agrostis gigantea, Carex distans, C. flacca, C. tomentosa, Centaurea jacea, Galium verum agg., Inula britannica, Ononis spinosa, Plantago maritima, Prunella grandiflora, Tetragonolobus maritimus

Constant species: Achillea millefolium agg., Agrimonia eupatoria, Agrostis gigantea, Brachypodium pinnatum, Bromus erectus, Carex distans, C. flacca, C. tomentosa, Centaurea jacea, Festuca rupicola, Galium verum agg., Inula britannica, Linum catharticum, Ononis spinosa, Plantago maritima, P. media, Prunella grandiflora, Tetragonolobus maritimus

Dominant species: Agrostis gigantea, Bromus erectus, Carex flacca

Formal definition: Group Carex flacca AND Group Plantago maritima

Source: Novák J. (2007): THE04 Plantagini maritimae-Caricetum flaccae Novák in Chytrý 2007. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 1. Travinná a keříčková vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic. 1. Grassland and Heathland Vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 435-436.