Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XBE01
Echinochloo cruris-galli-Chenopodietum polyspermi Tüxen 1937

Echinochloo cruris-galli-Chenopodietum polyspermi

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes weed vegetation of both cereal and root-crop cultures at higher altitudes and in precipitation-rich areas. In most places it occurs on loamy and heavy soils. It can also develop on wet soils in the lowlands and occasionally even outside agricultural habitats such as on alluvial deposits. Its phenological optimum is in summer, but it can persist on the stubble fields until autumn.

Nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Tüxen 1937): Panico-Chenopodietum polyspermi (Br.-Bl. 1921) Tx. 1937 (Panicum crus galli = Echinochloa crus-galli)

Syn.: Echinochloo cruris-galli-Setarietum viridis Kruseman et Vlieger in Sissingh et al. 1940, Oxalido-Chenopodietum polyspermi Sissingh in Westhoff et al. 1946, Oxalido-Chenopodietum polyspermi medioeuropaeum Tüxen 1950, Rorippo sylvestris-Chenopodietum polyspermi Köhler 1962

Diagnostic species: Chenopodium album agg., C. polyspermum, Erysimum cheiranthoides, Galinsoga quadriradiata, Lamium purpureum. Oxalis fontana. Sonchus asper. Stellaria media agg. (predominantly S. media s. str.)

Constant species: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Chenopodium album agg., C. polyspermum. Cirsium arvense. Elytrigia repens. Erysimum cheiranthoides. Fallopia convolvulus. Galinsoga quadriradiata. Galium aparine. Lamium purpureum. Myosotis arvensis. Persicaria lapathifolia. Stellaria media agg. (predominantly S. media s. str.), Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia. Trifolium repens. Tripleurospermum inodorum. Veronica persica. Viola arvensis

Dominant species: Galinsoga quadriradiata. Stellaria media agg. (predominantly S. media s. str.)

Formal definition: Group Chenopodium polyspermum NOT Group Amaranthus retroflexus NOT Group Aphanes arvensis NOT Group Chenopodium glaucum NOT Group Cyperus fuscus NOT Group Spergula arvensis NOT Chenopodium album agg. cover > 50 % NOT Echinocystis lobata cover > 25 %

Source: Otýpková Z. (2009): XBE01 Echinochloo cruris-galli-Chenopodietum polyspermi Tüxen 1937. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 123-126.