Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XCE04
Sambucetum ebuli Felföldy 1942

Sambucetum ebuli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Sambucetum ebuli is a species-poor community dominated by Sambucus ebulus, a tall perennial herb forming dense stands. It occurs on sunny to slightly shaded sites, on comparatively deep soils with intermediate nutrient availability. The original habitats of Sambucus ebulus were forest edges and clearings. From these the species has spread to anthropogenic habitats such as road or railway banks, edges of forest roads, and ruderal sites around villages and farms. In the Czech Republic this associations occurs mainly in warm colline areas, but scattered occurrences are also found in submontane areas.

Orig. (Felföldy 1942): Sambucus ebulus-ass.

Syn.: Sambucetum ebuli Kaiser 1926 (§ 3c), Artemisio-Sambucetum ebuli Eliáą 1979, Heracleo-Sambucetum ebuli Brandes 1985, Rubo idaei-Sambucetum ebuli Jarolímek et al. 1997

Diagnostic species: Sambucus ebulus

Constant species: Artemisia vulgaris. Elytrigia repens, Sambucus ebulus, Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Sambucus ebulus

Formal definition: Sambucus ebulus cover > 25 %

Source: Láníková D. (2009): XCE04 Sambucetum ebuli Felföldy 1942. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 286-288.