Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association XDA01
Cuscuto europaeae-Calystegietum sepium Tüxen ex Lohmeyer 1953

Cuscuto europaeae-Calystegietum sepium

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association is characterized by herbaceous lianas such as Calystegia sepium. Cucubalus baccifer, Cuscuta europaea, Fallopia dumetorum and Humulus lupulus. It occurs on the fringes of floodplain forests and scrub, on the banks of rivers, oxbows and alluvial pools, and on forest clearings in river floodplains. Habitats are usually partially shaded, with wet, loamy-sandy to clayey soils rich in nutrients. They can be temporarily flooded. In the Czech Republic Cuscuto-Calystegietum occurs mainly in lowland and colline areas.

Nomen inversum propositum, nomen mutatum propositum

Orig. (Lohmeyer 1953): Convolvulus sepium-Cuscuta europaea-Ass. Tx. 1947 (Convolvulus sepium = Calystegia sepium)

Syn.: Convolvulo sepium-Cuscutetum europaeae Tüxen 1947 (§ 3f), Convolvulo sepium-Cuscutetum europaeae Tüxen 1950 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Urtico-Convolvuletum Görs et Müller 1969, Fallopio-Cucubaletum bacciferi Passarge 1976, Aristolochio-Cucubaletum bacciferi (Kopecký 1965) Passarge 1976

Diagnostic species: Arctium nemorosum, Calystegia sepium, Chaerophyllum bulbosum, Cucubalus baccifer, Cuscuta europaea. Fallopia dumetorum. Humulus lupulus. Phalaris arundinacea. Rubus caesius. Saponaria officinalis

Constant species: Aegopodium podagraria. Anthriscus sylvestris. Artemisia vulgaris, Calystegia sepium, Chaerophyllum bulbosum. Cucubalus baccifer. Fallopia dumetorum. Filipendula ulmaria. Galium aparine. Humulus lupulus, Phalaris arundinacea, Rubus caesius. Scrophularia nodosa. Symphytum officinale, Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Calystegia sepium, Cucubalus baccifer, Galium aparine, Humulus lupulus, Rubus caesius, Urtica dioica

Formal definition: (Group Calystegia sepium OR Group Humulus lupulus) AND (Calystegia sepium cover > 25 % OR Cucubalus baccifer cover > 25 % OR Cuscuta europaea cover > 25 % OR Fallopia dumetorum cover > 25 % OR Humulus lupulus cover > 25 %) NOT Carex buekii cover > 25 % NOT Echinocystis lobata cover > 25 % NOT Impatiens glandulifera cover > 25 % NOT Phalaris arundinacea cover > 25 % NOT Phragmites australis cover > 25 %

Source: ©umberová K. & Láníková D. (2009): XDA01 Cuscuto europaeae-Calystegietum sepium Tüxen ex Lohmeyer 1953. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 2. Ruderální, plevelová, skalní a su»ová vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 2. Ruderal, weed, rock and scree vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 294-297.