Doctoral Studies

Condensed Matter Physics - Field

Brief description of field

Condensed Matter Physics is one of the most rapidly developing fields of modern physics, partly thanks to the wealth of observed and predicted facts of fundamental importance, but also due to its practical application, especially in information technology. Examples of breakthroughs in condensed matter physics in the past half century are the invention of the transistor, the semiconductor laser, the quantum Hall effect, high temperature superconductivity, etc. In majority of cases, the discoveries in basic research are quickly followed by practical applications, and very often the interest in fundamental research is created or raised by the application laboratories. In this study program students receive the opportunity to conduct research in selected fields of Condensed Matter Physics, for which appropriate facilities are provided, such as equipment in the laboratory, as well as professional contacts/collaboration with reputable laboratories and researchers in Czech Republic and abroad. The research interests change and develop with time; however the main ongoing research interest of this program, due to the historical tradition of the workplace, are structural and optical properties of solids.

Profile of a typical graduate

The graduate will have demonstrated the ability of independent research work in condensed matter physics. He/She is able to formulate problems as models and collect and interpret experimental data using various different methodologies. The graduate should also be able to cope with issues outside their field of specialization, such as understanding the basis of various phenomenon in physical systems. The specific specialization of one's chosen dissertation topic leads to a profound knowledge of the methodology in areas such as X-ray scattering, optical spectroscopy, Raman scattering, etc.; material systems include for example bulk semiconductors, thin-layer systems, low dimensional semiconductor structures, superconductors and magnetic materials, polymers etc. The graduated will find career opportunities at Universities and colleges, in other academic departments of basic and applied research, as well as in factories, especially with technological focus. He/She may also work in other cross-disciplinary fields such as in biophysics or even in chemistry.

Requirements for applicants

  • Interest in scientific work in physics and the capability of physical thinking.
  • General knowledge of physics in the range of a standard master's degree in physics or a related field.
  • The ability to study scientific literature in the English language. The ability to communicate specialized topics in English in both written and oral forms.
  • Study requirements and completion of studies

    Individual Study Plan

    • Completion of prescribed courses offered by the Faculty of Science MU and other scientific institutions.
    • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually that involves leading a practical course.
    • Detailed understanding of the subject of the thesis, and good basic knowledge of published literature in this field.
    • Achieving original research results and publications.

    Content and scope of the state doctoral examination, required knowledge

    • A general overview of the Condensed Matter Physics.
    • Detailed knowledge in the areas of:
      • crystal structure and amorphous solids
      • electronic and vibrational states of condensed matter
      • X-ray and optical methods

    doctoral dissertation requirements

    • Typically it contains a comprehensive overview of the given field of interest and its issues
    • It must contain the student's own results, presented comprehensibly and in sufficient detail.
    • The student's own contributions must be clearly separated from the results of others and the rest of the text.
    • Usually, it should also contain an evaluation of further research possibilities in the given field.

    PhD Theses Topics Five recent examples:

    • Laterally structured semiconductor multilayers.
    • The study of structural defects in Si monocrystals and epitaxial layers on Si.
    • Optical spectroscopy of low-dimensional structures.
    • Optical diagnostics of faults in the Si lattice and SiGe alloys.
    • Optical properties of high-temperature superconductors.

    A list of current topics for dissertations for the academic year is given below on the page.

    Individual study plan

    • Completion of prescribed courses offered by the Faculty of Science MU and other scientific institutions.
    • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually that involves leading a practical course.
    • Detailed understanding of the subject of the thesis, and good basic knowledge of published literature in this field.
    • Achieving original research results and publications.

    List of members of doctoral committee

    List of supervisors

    Commission for state doctoral exams and defenses

    List of current doctoral topics

    Department pages


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