Doctoral Studies

Condensed Matter Physics - Field

Brief description of field

Condensed Matter Physics is one of the most rapidly developing fields of modern physics, partly thanks to the wealth of observed and predicted facts of fundamental importance, but also due to its practical applications, especially in information technology. Examples of breakthroughs in condensed matter physics in the past half century efficient emission of visible light from nitride heterostructures (at the Nobel-prize level) are the invention of the transistor, the semiconductor laser, the quantum Hall effect, high temperature superconductivity, efficient emission of visible light from nitride heterostructures etc. In majority of cases, the discoveries in basic research are quickly followed by practical applications, and very often the interest in fundamental research is created or raised by the application laboratories. In this study program students receive the opportunity to conduct research in selected fields of Condensed Matter Physics, for which appropriate facilities are provided, such as equipment in the laboratory, as well as professional contacts/collaboration with reputable laboratories and researchers in Czech Republic and abroad. The research interests change and develop with time; however, the main ongoing research interest of this program, due to the historical tradition of the workplace, are structural and optical properties of solids.

Profile of a typical graduate

The graduate will have demonstrated the ability of independent research work in condensed matter physics. He/she is able to formulate problems as models and collect and interpret experimental data using various methodologies. The graduate should also be able to cope with issues outside their field of specialization, such as understanding the basis of various phenomena in physical systems. The specific specialization of one's chosen dissertation topic leads to a profound knowledge of the methodology in areas such as X-ray scattering, optical spectroscopy, Raman scattering, etc.; material systems include for example bulk semiconductors, thin-layer systems, low-dimensional semiconductor structures, superconductors and magnetic materials, polymers etc. The graduate will find career opportunities at Universities and colleges, in other academic departments of basic and applied research, as well as in factories, especially with technological focus. He/she may also work in other cross-disciplinary fields such as in biophysics or even in chemistry.

Cooperating institutions

In order to guarantee the qualitative level of the field of study, Faculty of Science cooperates with  CEITEC MU, CEITEC BUT and other domestic and foreign institutions. The cooperation concerns mainly research in several branches of condensed matter physics, as well as the membership  in commissions and tutoring. Examples of the institutions are listed below:

  • Technical University of Brno,
  • Institute of Scientific Instruments, ASCR, Brno,
  • Institute of Physics of Materials, ASCR, Brno,
  • Institute of Physics, ASCR, Prague,
  • J. Kepler University Linz, Austria,
  • Université Fribourg, Switzerland,
  • Max-Planck Institute FKF, Stuttgart, Germany,
  • Technical University Berlin, Germany,
  • CNRS  Grénoble, France,
  • Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany,
  • CNR Bari, Italy,
  • Brookhaven National Lab, NY, USA.
  •  KIST Seoul, Korea.

Requirements for applicants

(A) Technical requirements:

  • Interest in scientific work in physics and ability of physical reasoning.
  • General knowledge of physics at the extent of standard master degree in physics or related area.

(B) Language requirements:

  • Ability to study physical literature in English. Ability to conduct written and spoken communication on technical themes in English and possibly in other world laguuages.

(C) Other requirements:

  • Discourse on the visions of the applicant about the topic of the PhD project.

Classification of the entrance exam and the necessary scores:

  • Part  (A) … 40 points out of the maximum of 60.
  • Part  (B) …  20 points out of the maximum of 40.
  • Part  (C) … not classified.

Study requirements and completion of studies

Individual Study Plan

The individual study plan is drawn up by the supervisor, with regard to the topic of the dissertation. In the context of the plan, the PhD candidate completes prescribed courses directly related to the topic of the thesis, as well as general courses aiming at the formation of his/her professional profile.

  • Completion of prescribed courses offered by the Faculty of Science MU and other scientific institutions.
  • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually that involves leading a practical course.
  • Internship in foreign or domestic institution.
  • Detailed understanding of the subject of the thesis, and good basic knowledge of published literature in this field.
  • Achieving original research results and publications.

Content and scope of the state doctoral examination, required knowledge

  • A general overview of the Condensed Matter Physics. The extent is defined individually, respecting the theme of the PhD project.
  • Detailed knowledge in the areas of:
    • crystalline structure and amorphous solids,
    • electronic and vibrational states of condensed matter,
    • X-ray and optical methods.

Doctoral dissertation requirements

  • Typically it contains a comprehensive overview of the given field of interest and its issues.
  • It must contain the student's own results, presented comprehensibly and in sufficient detail.
  • The student's own contributions must be clearly separated from theresults of others and the rest of the text.
  • Usually, it should also contain an evaluation of further research possibilities in the given field.

PhD Theses Topics: Five recent examples:

  • Studium strukturních defektů v monokrystalech Si a v epitaxních vrstvách na Si.
  • Optická diagnostika poruch v mříži Si a slitin SiGe.
  • Electronic Structure of the High-Tc Cuprate Superconductors.
  • Optical response of low-dimensional structures.
  • Theoretical study of electronic properties of high-Tc superconductors and other materials with strongly correlated electrons.

Individual study plan

The individual study plan is drawn up by the supervisor, with regard to the topic of the dissertation. In the context of the plan, the PhD candidate completes prescribed courses directly related to the topic of the thesis, as well as general courses aiming at the formation of his/her professional profile.

  • Completion of prescribed courses offered by the Faculty of Science MU and other scientific institutions.
  • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually that involves leading a practical course.
  • Internship in foreign or domestic institution.
  • Detailed understanding of the subject of the thesis, and good basic knowledge of published literature in this field.
  • Achieving original research results and publications.

List of members of doctoral committee

List of supervisors

Commission for state doctoral exams and defenses

List of current doctoral topics

Department pages


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