Doctoral Studies

General and Molecular Genetics - Field

Brief description of field

At present, modern genetics is a combination of three original branches: classical genetics, molecular genetics, and population genetics. On one hand it studies the mechanisms of hereditary traits themselves, and at the same time using this knowledge to investigate the basic biological processes and phenomena. Doctoral studies in the field of genetics at the FS MU are generally focused on the study of the genomes of eukaryotes in relation to the normal and pathological function of its genes. These studies include both plants and animals, including man. Plant studies are aimed especially at molecular genetic analysis of genes (including alien genes), and study of their occurrence in model plants and crops (Arabidopsis thaliana, Nicotiana tabacum, Silene sp., Hordeum aj.). Research on animals is generally directed toward genetic structure of populations, and especially with human populations on molecular diagnostics of pre-natal and post-natal pathological conditions, by cytogenic methods, and for detection of genetic factors associated with some polygenetically-based diseases.

Profile of a typical graduate

During their first year, graduates in the field of General and Molecular Genetics in the doctoral studies program in Biology acquire broad-based theoretical knowledge, including methodology of biological sciences, biostatistics, risk analysis, environmental protection, biotechnology, etc. For the entire standard period of studies students take subjects that deepen their knowledge in the field of genetics, especially as concerns the subject of their dissertation work. These specialized lectures and courses prepare the graduate for independent application of knowledge and methods in research work. The study program is also aimed at giving the graduate the ability to publish his results and lecture at seminars and scientific forain both the Czech and English languages. Graduates of in the DSP Biology in the field of Genetics find employment especially in elementary and applied research as independent scientists, especially in the institutes of the AS CR, in the field of medicine, and in many other sectors.

Requirements for applicants

The applicant who applies for a concrete topic for his dissertation work will take the entrance test at a time determined by the faculty. The requirement for the specialized part of the test is knowledge of general and molecular genetics, with emphasis on the ability to put knowledge into a general context. The test is especially aimed at the topic of the proposed dissertation work. Part of the acceptance test is a language segment, in which the applicant demonstrates active knowledge of the English language by discussing the topics of his previous scientific (diploma) work, and shows the ability to translate an academic text.

Study requirements and completion of studies

individual study plan

According to the study and examination regulations of the FS FU, part III, art. 33, the main part of the study plan is systematic creative scientific work on the topic of the dissertation thesis. As a part of the individual study plan the student will attend to at least the required extent (number of semester hours for the standard period of studies) the following:

  1. courses expanding and deepening knowledge of the broader scientific field above the level of master’s studies (4 hrs) 
  2. subjects deepening knowledge of specializations studied within the DSP (12)
  3. special seminars (12)  
  4. assistance in providing practical instruction at the bachelor’s and master’s level (12)  
  5. preparation of the dissertation thesis  
  6. presentation of the results at an internationally-recognized academic forum in the English language  

content and extent of state doctoral exams, required knowledge

State dissertation exam topics - general:
  • General genetics
  • Molecular genetics
  • Population genetics
  • Developmental genetics
  • Genetic engineering
  • Methods of molecular genetics 
State dissertation exam topics - special (depending on focus of dissertation work):
  • Medical genetics
  • Genetics of animals
  • Genetics of plants
  • Cytogenetics
  • Mutagens
  • Genetics of quantitative traits

requirements for doctoral dissertation work

Doctoral candidates will present their dissertation work, which must be based on results that have been published (or accepted for publication) in an edited international specialized journal of recognized impact in the field, of which the applicant must be the main author, and show by written statement by the co-authors that the greater part of the results in the publication are parts of the applicant’s dissertation work. The requirement of publication in an edited international journal cannot be waived in favor of another form of academic report (contribution to conference, etc. The form of the dissertation work (its subdivision) is guided by the general rules, which include a summary in the English language. Dissertation work can also take the form of a collection of publications (already published, going to press, or begin prepared for publishing) with commentary summarizing the present state of the problem, the goal of the work, commentary on the results, a summary, and literature.

Individual study plan

individual study plan

According to the Study and Examination regulations for students in the DSP MU, the main part of the study plan consists of systematic, creative research scientific work on a dissertation topic. As part of the individual study plan, a student must complete at least the following requirements (number of semester hours during standard period of studies):

  1. courses expanding and deepening knowledge of the broader scientific field above the level of master’s studies (4 hrs)
  2. subjects deepening knowledge of specializations studied within the DSP (12)
  3. special seminars (12)
  4. assistance in providing practical instruction at the bachelor’s and master’s level (12)
  5. preparation of the dissertation thesis
  6. presentation of the results at an internationally-recognized academic forum in the English language

List of members of doctoral committee

List of supervisors

Commission for state doctoral exams and defenses

List of current doctoral topics


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