Doctoral Studies

Theoretical physics and astrophysics - Field

Brief description of field

Doctoral Studies in Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics is designed for students that have graduated from Physics and Astrophysics from various university faculties including the faculty of education. This programme is also suited for graduates of technology oriented universities that have a strong interest in physics and astrophysics.This study programme focuses on several key topics in the field of theoretical physics and astrophysics: In theoretical physics it focuses on the two current areas of quantum theory, one of which leads to the quantum theory of gravity (loops, strings and D-branes, ...) and the other leads to studying the borders between the classical and quantum world. In astrophysics, if focuses on the study of hot stars and stellar systems with hot components, especially the physics of stellar atmospheres of hot stars, stellar wind driven by radiation, and chemically peculiar stars. Other traditional areas of astrophysical research include studying the star variables, including the methodology of processing and interpreting observed material of all kinds.

Profile of a typical graduate

A typical graduate of this doctoral programme has deep knowledge of theoretical physics and/or astrophysics, which allows him/her to deal with difficult physical and astrophysical problems, which includes: formulating the problem properly, finding its solution, using appropriate mathematical apparatuses for interpreting and presenting the results to the scientific community.

The graduate will find jobs as an independent researcher at the Academy of Science, at universities, and at other educational institutions conducting basic research such as observatories and planetariums. He/She can also find employment in educational institutions such as in secondary schools (high schools) or in various science related governmental positions.

Requirements for applicants

(A) Professional requirements: Excellent knowledge of the General and Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics course and awareness of their interconnectedness; Mastering the mathematical tools necessary for formulating and solving problems in theoretical physics or astrophysics; Topics explored in the entrance exam:

  • Common topics for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics: Describing the temporal evolution of physical systems, examples. Key physics experiments, examples. Symmetry and its consequences, examples. Approximation methods used to describe physical systems and their development over time, examples.
  • Only for Theoretical Physics: Variation principles. Hilbert space. Feynman diagrams with applications in quantum electrodynamics. State sum, examples.
  • Only for Astrophysics: Exploring and diagnosing stars photometrically. Spectroscopic diagnosis of stars. Physics of stellar atmospheres. Stellar structure. The origin and evolution of stars and binaries. Physics of hot stars. Physics of variable stars. Physics of stellar systems and interstellar medium.

((B) Language requirements: The ability to understand English written scientific text. The ability to write and orally communicate about specialized topics in English.

Study requirements and completion of studies

Individual Study Plan

  • Completing courses prescribed by the supervisor
  • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually preparing and teaching practical courses; Participation in the DTPA seminars
  • A thorough study of literature in the field (especially literature related to the dissertation topic), communication with researchers working on similar issues, engagement in teamwork
  • Obtaining original research results and publications in peer-reviewed journals

Content and scope of the state doctoral exam, required knowledge

General overview of theoretical physics (a substantial part of the first five volumes of Landau and Lifšice), and/or Astrophysics (within the scope of the textbook: An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, Addison-Wesley, 1996, by BW Carroll and DA Ostli).

Detailed knowledge in areas that are directly related to the topic of the dissertation.

Thesis requirements

  • The thesis should include a comprehensive and critical overview of the current state of the problems related to the dissertation topic.
  • The thesis must include original results presented clearly and in sufficient detail.
  • In part it can discuss the student’s already published work.
  • The work must be very clear about what are his/her own research results and ideas and what is from other studies.
  • The thesis must include a summary and prospects for further research in the area.

Examples of recent PhD theses

  • More-particle correlations in fermion beams (defended by T. Tycem 1999, supervisor M. Lenc)
  • Non - supersymmetric D - branes and matrix theory (defended by J. Klusoněm 2000, supervisor Z. Kopecký)
  • Electromagnetic waves in gravitational fields (D. Hemzal, supervisor M. Lenc)
  • Natural Langarian structures (P. Musilová, supervisor D. Krupka)
  • Hydrodynamics of stellar wind (defended by J. Krtičkou 2001, supervisor J. Kubát)
  • NonLTE moving models of stellar atmospheres (D. Korčáková, supervisor J. Kubát)
  • Study of V436 Per (J. Janík, supervisor P. Harmanec)

A list of current thesis topics for this year can be found at the link at the bottom of this page.

Individual study plan

Individual Study Plan

  • Completing courses prescribed by the supervisor
  • Teaching at the Faculty of Science MU, usually preparing and teaching practical courses; Participation in the DTPA seminars
  • A thorough study of literature in the field (especially literature related to the dissertation topic), communication with researchers working on similar issues, engagement in teamwork
  • Obtaining original research results and publications in peer-reviewed journals

List of members of doctoral committee

List of supervisors

Commission for state doctoral exams and defenses

List of current doctoral topics

Department pages


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