Doctoral Studies

Wave and particle optics - Field

Brief description of field

This doctoral programme focuses on the theoretical, experimental, and applied areas of wave and particle optics:
  • Light field in layered structures with quantum pits and superlattices: linear and nonlinear optical response, electro-optical effects.
  • Theoretical and experimental study of the polarization properties of diffracted light. Diffraction ellipsometry.
  • Scalar diffraction theory. Diffractive optics. Fourier optics.
  • Optical reflection of X-rays on a system of thin films (superlattice, X-ray mirrors). X-ray diffraction on quasiperiodic and periodic, one-dimensional and multi-dimensional, real crystal structures.
  • Wave aspects of particle optics. Electron holography. Atomic optics
  • Modern calculations of fields for electron optics. Modelling and simulating electron optical elements and systems.
  • Optical study of thin film systems, rough interfaces, inhomogeneity.

Profile of a typical graduate

The graduate will have gained deep knowledge in physics of waves and particles, which is a very general field overlapping optics, electricity and magnetism, quantum mechanics, instrumentation, and more. The graduate will also have practical experience with experimentations and the construction of laboratory equipment, including various technologies in this field. His education in Physics and gained skills are comparable with European standards. The graduate is well prepared to work in this scientific field, but can also easily find employment in other physical disciplines or in fields of natural sciences or engineering sciences, but also in non-traditional areas. The graduates usually find jobs in Brno easily, because in the Brno region there are quite a few very successful companies that specialize in this field. The graduate may also find carrier opportunities at Universities or the Academy of Science or in any institution that carries out research related to applied physics. He/She may also find work in less traditional areas such as government positions dealing with education and science.

Requirements for applicants

  • Completion of a master's or engineering degree with appropriate focus.
  • Passing the entrance examination.
  • The ability to communicate in English in both verbal and written form.
  • Knowledge of physics at a master degree level (i.e. that which is taught at the Faculty of Science at Masaryk University in Brno) with an emphasis on optics, electricity and magnetism, quantum mechanics, solid state physics, along with the relevant mathematical disciplines needed.

Study requirements and completion of studies

Individual Study Plan

  • The content of the individual study plan is primarily the responsibility of the supervisor. He/She will determine which seminars and courses are to be taken.
  • Assistance in teaching university courses.
  • Prescribed literature; regular inspection on the progress made on one’s thesis.
  • Collaboration with labs researching the given field.
  • Visit and stay at a foreign university.
  • Active participation in scientific meetings.
  • Publishing in international peer-reviewed journals.

content and scope of the state doctoral exams, required knowledge

The requirements for each student will be specified in advance. In addition to having knowledge at the level of a masters state exam, one will be required to have extensive knowledge in the field related to the topic of one’s PhD thesis, and a general overview of the learning material of two important textbooks or monographs, for example students focused on optics will need to know Born,Wolf:Principles of Optics.

Thesis requirements

The PhD thesis must contain original results published or accepted for publication in international peer-reviewed journals. The thesis may comprise of a set of published papers or manuscripts accepted for publication. The thesis may be submitted in Czech or in English. If the student presents results of scientific team work, he/she must clearly indicate what work he/she has done as the main author. A written statement from each co-author must also be included in the thesis.

General Topics for PhD theses:

  • Methods of Lie algebra in charged particle optics
  • Wave-optical phenomena in the scanning electron microscope with very slow electrons
  • The study of nanoscale objects on solid surfaces using optical methods and AFM
  • Fast spectroscopy and neural networks
  • Defects in the adjustment of elements and systems in particle optics

A list of current topics of dissertations for this academic year can be found below at the bottom of the page.

Individual study plan

  • The content of the individual study plan is primarily the responsibility of the supervisor. He/She will determine which seminars and courses are to be taken.
  • Assistance in teaching university courses.
  • Prescribed literature; regular inspection on the progress made on one’s thesis.
  • Collaboration with labs researching the given field.
  • Visit and stay at a foreign university.
  • Active participation in scientific meetings.
  • Publishing in international peer-reviewed journals.

List of members of doctoral committee

List of supervisors

Commission for state doctoral exams and defenses

List of current doctoral topics

Department pages


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