Laboratory of Anaerobic Microorganisms
Head of the Laboratory
Assoc. Prof. Mgr. Monika Vítězová, Ph.D.
The Laboratory of Anaerobic Microorganisms (LAM) at Masaryk University, Czech Republic is focused on research in the field of anaerobic bacteria and archaea. These anaerobic microorganisms are very often key players in the environment and they have important role in geo-elemental cycling, agriculture, waste management and medicine. The main topics of interest of LAM are biochemical and ecological aspects of anaerobic process of compounds transformation, stages and microorganisms that participate in methane fermentation process. We are studying the physiological and biochemical properties of new strains isolated from biogas reactors, including sulfate-reducing bacteria and methanogenic archaea. Moreover, we focus on study intestinal sulfate-reducing bacteria, which can cause inflammatory bowel disease including ulcerative colitis as well as investigation of natural and chemical compounds activities against these microorganisms. We have a strong emphasis on anaerobic prokaryotes because they can have new and unique properties. It can be relevant for various applications in industrial areas as well as for the basic research. Present members of LAM include scientists, students and supporting staff. There are active interactions with laboratories and departments of Masaryk University and other universities, while the members of LAM participate in many international projects. We are interested in characterizing novel anaerobic metabolisms, discovering of novel taxa, understanding the diversity and structure of anaerobic ecosystems, determining the regulatory mechanisms controlling the anaerobic way of life and the establishment of multispecies consortia. Our results should lead to novel technologies for energy production, waste treatment and polluted environment remediation.
Research teamAssoc. Prof. Mgr. Ivan Kushkevych, Ph.D. – assistant professor
Mgr. Iva Buriánková, Ph.D. – research specialist