Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KAB02
Salicetum purpureae Wendelberger-Zelinka 1952

Salicetum purpureae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This type of riparian scrub is dominated by Salix purpurea, which is accompanied by other willow species, namely S. euxina, S. triandra and S. viminalis. It occurs rarely on gravelly and sandy accumulations of montane and submontane rivers, especially in the ©umava and Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mountains. This scrub develops on gravel bars in the floodplains after strong floods or on disturbed stream banks. During succession in the absence of strong disturbance it can be replaced by Alnus incana woodland.

Orig. (Wendelberger-Zelinka 1952): Salicetum purpureae

Syn.: Agrostio-Salicetum purpureae Jurko 1964, Rumici crispi-Salicetum purpureae Kevey in Borhidi et Kevey 1996

Diagnostic species: Alnus incana, Salix daphnoides,.S. euxina, S. purpurea; Cardamine amara (excl. subsp. opicii), Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Elymus caninus, Geum rivale, Impatiens noli-tangere, Knautia maxima, Petasites hybridus, Stellaria alsine, Tanacetum vulgare, Valeriana officinalis; Hygrohypnella ochracea

Constant species: Alnus incana, Rubus idaeus, Salix euxina, S. purpurea; Aegopodium podagraria, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Cardamine amara (excl. subsp. opicii), Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Dactylis glomerata, Elymus caninus, Equisetum palustre, Filipendula ulmaria, Galium aparine, G. sylvaticum, Geum rivale, G. urbanum, Heracleum sphondylium, Impatiens noli-tangere, Knautia maxima, Lamium maculatum, Mentha longifolia, Myosotis palustris agg., Petasites hybridus, Poa nemoralis, P. trivialis, Ranunculus acris, R. repens, Stellaria alsine, Tanacetum vulgare, Urtica dioica, Valeriana officinalis, Veronica chamaedrys agg. (V. chamaedrys s. str.)

Dominant species: Salix euxina, S. purpurea

Formal definition: Salix purpurea cover > 25 % AND (Petasites hybridus cover > 25 % OR Group Cardamine amara)

Source: Douda J. (2013): KAB02 Salicetum purpureae Wendelberger-Zelinka 1952. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 57-60.