Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KAC01
Salicetum albae Issler 1926

Salicetum albae

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This softwood floodplain forest type is dominated by Salix alba, rarely also by Populus nigra. It occurs along large lowland rivers at altitudes up to 335 m. The stands were historically affected by regular spring floods, which have become rare after streamflow started to be regulated in the first half of the 20th century.

Orig. (Issler 1926): Salicetum albae

Syn.: Salicetum albae Tüxen 1931, Salici-Populetum Meijer-Drees 1936, Salicetum albo-fragilis Tüxen ex Moor 1958 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Acer negundo, Fraxinus angustifolia, Populus alba, P. nigra, Rubus caesius, Salix alba, S. euxina, S. triandra, S. viminalis, S. ×rubens; Aristolochia clematitis, Bidens frondosus, Calystegia sepium, Carex riparia, Humulus lupulus, Iris pseudacorus, Symphyotrichum novi-belgii agg., Symphytum officinale

Constant species: Rubus caesius, Salix alba; Bidens frondosus, Calystegia sepium, Glechoma hederacea agg. (G. hederacea s. str.), Humulus lupulus, Iris pseudacorus, Lamium maculatum, Lycopus europaeus, Lysimachia vulgaris, Phalaris arundinacea, Poa palustris, Symphytum officinale,.Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Rubus caesius, Salix alba; Phalaris arundinacea, Urtica dioica

Formal definition: Salix alba cover > 50 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 %

Source: Neuhäuslová Z. & Douda J. (2013): KAC01 Salicetum albae Issler 1926. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 64-66.