Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class KB
Rhamno-Prunetea Rivas Goday et Borja Carbonell ex Tüxen 1962
Mesic and xeric scrub and Robinia groves

KBA Prunion fruticosae

KBB Berberidion vulgaris

KBC Sambuco-Salicion capreae

KBD Aegopodio podagrariae-Sambucion nigrae

KBE Chelidonio majoris-Robinion pseudoacaciae

KBF Balloto nigrae-Robinion pseudoacaciae

KBG Euphorbio cyparissiae-Robinion pseudoacaciae

The class Rhamno-Prunetea includes European temperate vegetation dominated by low or tall shrubs or fast-growing pioneer trees in mesic to dry habitats. Characteristic shrub genera include Cornus, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Euonymus, Ligustrum, Lonicera, Prunus, Pyrus, Rhamnus, Ribes, Rosa, Rubus, Sambucus, Sorbus and Viburnum, but isolated or stunted individuals of trees or neophytic shrubs may also occur. The herb layer is composed of a mixture of species typical of dry and mesic grasslands, ruderal herbaceous vegetation, forest clearings and forest herb layers. Some shrub communities may be natural, especially those on cliff ledges and at forest edges in the forest-steppe regions, but most of them are secondary vegetation on disturbed sites or stages of secondary succesion on abandoned meadows or pastures. We assign to this class also Robinia pseudoacacia groves, which possess forest structure in most cases, but their species composition and dynamics share considerable similarities with scrub vegetation.

Orig. (Tüxen 1962): Rhamno-Prunetea

Syn.: Rhamno-Prunetea Rivas Goday et Borja Carbonell 1961 prov. (§ 3b), Crataego-Prunetea Tüxen 1962 (§ 3a), Sambucetea Doing 1962 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Rubo-Sambucetea Passarge in Scamoni 1963, Urtico-Sambucetea (Doing 1962) Passarge et Hofmann 1968, Robinietea Jurko ex Hadač et Sofron 1980

Diagnostic species: Prunus spinosa, Robinia pseudoacacia, Rosa canina agg., Sambucus nigra; Chelidonium majus, Geum urbanum

Constant species: Robinia pseudoacacia; Galium aparine, Urtica dioica

Source: Sádlo J., Vítková M. & Chytrý M. (2013): KB Rhamno-Prunetea Rivas Goday et Borja Carbonell ex Tüxen 1962. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 74-80.