Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBB02
Violo hirtae-Cornetum maris Hilbig et Klotz in Rauschert 1990

Violo hirtae-Cornetum maris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This thermophilous scrub community is dominated by Cornus mas or Prunus mahaleb, which are accompanied by other species such as Euonymus verrucosus, Viburnum lantana and short individuals of oaks. The herb layer contains several species typical of thermophilous oak forests. This community occurs on calcareous bedrock types in dry areas of central Bohemia and southern Moravia, often in contact with dry grasslands and thermophilous oak forests.

Orig. (Rauschert 1990): Violo hirtae-Cornetum maris (Rauschert 1969, 1990) Hilbig et Klotz ass. nov.

Syn.: Prunetum mahaleb Nevole 1931 (§ 2b, nomen nudum)

Diagnostic species: Acer campestre, Berberis vulgaris,.Cornus mas, Euonymus verrucosus, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus mahaleb, Rosa canina agg.; Erysimum odoratum, Origanum vulgare, Teucrium chamaedrys

Constant species: Acer campestre, Cornus mas, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus mahaleb, Rosa canina agg.; Hypericum perforatum, Origanum vulgare, Teucrium chamaedrys; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l.

Dominant species: Cornus mas, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus mahaleb

Formal definition: (Cornus mas cover > 25 % OR Prunus mahaleb cover > 25 %) NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Prunus spinosa cover > 25 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus pubescens agg. cover > 25 % NOT Robinia pseudoacacia cover > 5.% NOT Tilia cordata cover > 50 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBB02 Violo hirtae-Cornetum maris Hilbig et Klotz in Rauschert 1990. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 96-99.