Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBB03
Populo tremulae-Coryletum avellanae Br.-Bl. in Kielhauser 1954

Populo tremulae-Coryletum avellanae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This shrub community is dominated by Corylus avellana, which is accompanied by other species of shrubs and short individuals of trees. The herb layer is rich in species of dry grasslands and base-rich deciduous forests, but it also contains species considered to be relicts of early Holocene open woodlands. It is mostly found in deep river valleys or on steep hillsides at altitudes of 300–800 m, mainly on limestone, but also on other types of parent material in different regions of the Czech Republic.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Kielhauser 1954): Coryleto-Populetum Br.-Bl. 1938 (Corylus avellana, Populus tremula)

Syn.: Antherico ramosi-Coryletum avellanae Kaiser 1926 (§ 3d, association of Uppsala School), Seslerio caeruleae-Coryletum avellanae Kaiser 1926 (§ 3d, association of Uppsala School), Roso vosagiacae-Coryletum avellanae Oberdorfer 1957, Pruno-Coryletum Jurko 1964, Rubo saxatilis-Coryletumavellanae Sýkora 1979

Diagnostic species: Cornus sanguinea, Corylus avellana; Campanula persicifolia, Clinopodium vulgare, Epipactis atrorubens, Hepatica nobilis, Melampyrum nemorosum, Viola collina

Constant species: Cornus sanguinea, Corylus avellana; Brachypodium pinnatum, Campanula persicifolia, C. trachelium, Clinopodium vulgare, Geranium robertianum, Hepatica nobilis, Melica nutans, Poa nemoralis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg.

Dominant species: Betula pendula, Corylus avellana; Brachypodium pinnatum, Convallaria majalis

Formal definition: Corylus avellana cover > 25.% AND (Group Acer campestre OR Group Carex digitata OR Group Geranium sanguineum OR Group Lathyrus niger) NOT Abies alba cover > 25 % NOT Acer pseudoplatanus cover > 25 % NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 25.% NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 25 % NOT Larix decidua cover > 25 % NOT Picea abies cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus pubescens agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 25 % NOT Tilia cordata cover > 25 % NOT Tilia platyphyllos cover > 25 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBB03 Populo tremulae-Coryletum avellanae Br.-Bl. in Kielhauser 1954. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 99-102.