Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBB04
Pruno spinosae-Ligustretum vulgaris Tüxen 1952

Pruno spinosae-Ligustretum vulgaris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Pruno-Ligustretum is an association of species-rich, dense thermophilous scrub dominated or co-dominated by Cornus sanguinea, Corylus avellana, Crataegus monogyna s. l., Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg. and other species. Its herb layer contains a mixture of species of forests, dry and mesic grasslands, and some nutrient-demanding ruderal species. This association is common in lowlands and colline landscapes over a broad range of mesic and dry habitats, mainly developed as secondary scrub but in some places also as natural vegetation.

Nomen conservandum propositum (against Crataego monogynae-Prunetum spinosae Soó 1931, Cornetum sanguineae Kaiser 1950 a Prunetum spinosae Kaiser 1950)

Orig. (Tüxen 1952): Prunus spinosa-Ligustrum-Ass. Tx. (1928) 1952 (Ligustrum vulgare)

Syn.: Crataego monogynae-Prunetum spinosae Soó 1931 (potential correct name, § 36, nomen ambiguum rejiciendum propositum), Cornetum sanguineae Kaiser 1950 (potential correct name), Prunetum spinosae Kaiser 1950 (potential correct name), Crataego-Prunetum dasyphyllae Jurko 1964, Roso gallicae-Prunetum Mikyška 1968, Viburno lantanae-Cornetum sanguineae Rauschert 1990

Diagnostic species: Cornus sanguinea, Crataegus monogyna s. l., Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus spinosa, Rhamnus cathartica, Rosa canina agg.

Constant species: Cornus sanguinea, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg.; Brachypodium pinnatum, Euphorbia cyparissias, Fragaria viridis, Securigera varia

Dominant species: Cornus sanguinea, Crataegus monogyna s. l., Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg.; Arrhenatherum elatius, Brachypodium pinnatum, Festuca rupicola

Formal definition: (Cornus sanguinea cover > 25.% OR Crataegus monogyna s. l. cover > 25.% OR Ligustrum vulgare cover > 5 % OR Prunus spinosa cover > 25 % OR Rosa canina agg. cover > 25 %) AND (Festuca rupicola cover > 5 % OR Fragaria viridis cover > 5 % OR Group Brachypodium pinnatum OR Group Carex digitata OR Group Geranium sanguineum) NOT Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Acer platanoides cover > 25 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Alnus incana cover > 5 % NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % NOT Cornus mas cover > 25 % NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 25.% NOT Pinus nigra cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Prunus mahaleb cover > 25 % NOT Quercus cerris cover > 25 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus pubescens agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 25 % NOT Salix euxina cover > 25 % NOT Tilia cordata cover > 25 % NOT Tilia platyphyllos cover > 25 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBB04 Pruno spinosae-Ligustretum vulgaris Tüxen 1952. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 102-106.