Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBB05
Rhamno catharticae-Cornetum sanguineae Passarge 1962

Rhamno catharticae-Cornetum sanguineae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association comprises dense scrub of alluvial habitats dominated by Cornus sanguinea, Crataegus laevigata, C. monogyna s. l. and Prunus spinosa, with a frequent admixture of trees and shrubs typical of floodplain forests. It is characterized by the occurrence of herbaceous lianas and herbs of wet and nutrient-rich habitats. Rhamno-Cornetum develops as a secondary vegetation type replacing floodplain forests along lowland rivers, namely the Labe, Morava and Dyje. It occurs at forest edges, along river banks, roads and on abandoned meadows.

Orig. (Passarge 1962): Rhamno-Cornetum sanguineae (Rhamnus cathartica)

Syn.: Rhamnus catharticus-Cornus sanguinea-Ges. Passarge 1957, Euonymo europaei-Cornetum sanguineae Passarge et Hofmann 1968, Viburno opuli-Prunetum dasyphyllae Čarni et al. 2002

Diagnostic species: Acer campestre, Cornus sanguinea, Crataegus laevigata, Euonymus europaeus, Prunus spinosa, Rhamnus cathartica, Rubus caesius, Ulmus minor; Alliaria petiolata, Carex riparia, Chaerophyllum temulum, Colchicum autumnale, Dactylis polygama, Dipsacus laciniatus, Euphorbia esula, Ficaria verna, Gagea lutea, Glechoma hederacea agg.,.Humulus lupulus, Inula salicina, Iris pseudacorus, Lamium maculatum, Lycopus exaltatus, Pimpinella major, Silaum silaus, Silene baccifera, Veronica hederifolia agg.

Constant species: Acer campestre, Cornus sanguinea, Crataegus laevigata, Euonymus europaeus, Prunus spinosa, Rhamnus cathartica, Rubus caesius, Ulmus minor; Elymus repens, Alliaria petiolata, Chaerophyllum temulum, Colchicum autumnale, Dactylis polygama, Ficaria verna, Galium aparine, Geum urbanum, Glechoma hederacea agg., Humulus lupulus, Impatiens parviflora, Iris pseudacorus, Lamium maculatum, Lysimachia nummularia, Phalaris arundinacea, Pimpinella major, Poa nemoralis, P. trivialis, Urtica dioica, Veronica hederifolia agg.

Dominant species: Cornus sanguinea, Prunus spinosa

Formal definition: (Cornus sanguinea cover > 25.% OR Crataegus levigata cover > 25 % OR Prunus spinosa cover > 25 %) AND (Group Calystegia sepium OR Group Chaerophyllum bulbosum OR Group Humulus lupulus) NOT Quercus robur cover > 25 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBB05 Rhamno catharticae-Cornetum sanguineae Passarge 1962. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 106-109.