Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBB06
Carpino betuli-Prunetum spinosae Tüxen 1952

Carpino betuli-Prunetum spinosae

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Carpino-Prunetum is a widespread type of mesic scrub dominated by Prunus spinosa together with Crataegus spp., Rosa canina and R. dumalis. Other species of mesophilous shrubs and short individuals of trees are common. The herb layer is composed of species of mesic grasslands and forests and includes nitrophilous species and species of forest clearings. It occurs from warm colline landscapes, where it is confined to shaded and relatively cool habitats, to mid-altitudes, where it mostly grows on sunny slopes. It occurs over a broad range of bedrock and soil types. Nearly all stands are secondary shrub communities developed in potential forest habitats.

Nomen inversum propositum et nomen conservandum propositum (against Pruno spinosae-Crataegetum monogynae Hueck 1931)

Orig. (Tüxen 1952): Prunus spinosa-Carpinus betulus-Ass. Tx. (1928) 1952

Syn.: Pruno spinosae-Crataegetum monogynae Hueck 1931 (potential correct name, § 36, nomen ambiguum rejiciendum propositum; viz Nomenklatorická poznámka u Pruno spinosae-Ligustretum vulgaris)

Diagnostic species: Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg.

Constant species: Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg.; Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Crataegus monogyna s. l., Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina agg.; Poa nemoralis, Urtica dioica

Formal definition: (Crataegus monogyna s. l. cover > 25 % OR Prunus spinosa cover > 25.% OR Rosa canina agg. cover > 25 %) NOT Group Asarum europaeum NOT Group Brachypodium pinnatum NOT Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea NOT Group Calystegia sepium NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Group Humulus lupulus NOT Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Group Mercurialis perennis NOT Group Potentilla incana NOT Group Stachys recta NOT Acer pseudoplatanus cover > 25 % NOT Clematis vitalba cover > 5 % NOT Cotoneaster integerrimus cover > 5 % NOT Euonymus verrucosus cover > 5 % NOT Festuca rupicola cover > 5 % NOT Fragaria viridis cover > 5 % NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 25.% NOT Ligustrum vulgare cover > 5 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus pubescens agg. cover > 5 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 25 % NOT Robinia pseudoacacia cover > 25 % NOT Rubus caesius cover > 50.% NOT Viburnum lantana cover > 5 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBB06 Carpino betuli-Prunetum spinosae Tüxen 1952. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 109-112.