Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association KBC05
Salicetum capreae Schreier 1955

Salicetum capreae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association is dominated by shrubs or trees of Salix caprea, accompanied by other pioneer woody plants, e.g. Betula pendula, Populus tremula and Rubus spp. Conifers such as Picea abies are also common. The herb layer includes light-demanding species of early successional phases of disturbed forest as well as ruderal and acidophilous species. Salicetum capreae occurs on forest clearings and different kinds of disturbed sites both in forested and open landscapes, as well as in urban or village habitats, where it often develops on building rubble. At lower altitudes the stands are short-lived and quickly replaced by other trees, while in the montane belt they may exist for several decades. In the Czech Republic most records are from mid-altitude areas.

Orig. (Schreier 1955): Salicetum capreae

Syn.: Epilobio angustifolii-Salicetum capreae Oberdorfer 1978

Diagnostic species: Betula pendula, Populus tremula,.Salix caprea, Sambucus racemosa

Constant species: Betula pendula, Rubus idaeus,.Salix caprea, Sambucus racemosa; Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Betula pendula, Salix caprea, Sambucus racemosa; Senecio nemorensis agg. (predominantly S. ovatus), Urtica dioica

Formal definition: Salix caprea cover > 25 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 25 % NOT Rubus idaeus cover > 50 % NOT Sambucus racemosa cover > 50 %

Source: Sádlo J. & Chytrý M. (2013): KBC05 Salicetum capreae Schreier 1955. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 123-125.