Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance KCA
Pinion mugo Pawłowski et al. 1928

This alliance includes shrub communities on mineral soils dominated by Pinus mugo in the subalpine belt of the Hercynian mountains, Carpathians, Dinaric and Bulgarian mountains, and also some stands of Pinus mugo in the Eastern Alps. In the Hercynian mountains Pinus mugo scrub occurs on nutrient-poor siliceous rocks, which results in low species richness and predominance of acidophytes in the herb layer. In the Czech Republic natural stands of Pinus mugo are widespread in the Krkonoče Mountains and a few sites occur also in the ©umava Mountains. In addition, Pinus mugo has been planted in some other mountain areas.

Orig. (Pawłowski et al. 1928): Pinion mughi-Verband

Syn.: Athyrio alpestris-Pinion mugo Jirásek 1996

Diagnostic species: Betula carpatica, Pinus mugo, Sorbus aucuparia; Athyrium distentifolium, Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Gentiana asclepiadea, Homogyne alpina, Huperzia selago, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Calypogeia azurea, Cetraria islandica, Dicranum fuscescens, Hylocomium splendens, Plagiothecium undulatum, Racomitrium sudeticum

Constant species: Picea abies, Pinus mugo, Sorbus aucuparia; Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Homogyne alpina, Trientalis europaea, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. vitis-idaea; Cetraria islandica

Source: Chytrę M. (2013): KCA Pinion mugo Pawłowski et al. 1928. In: Chytrę M. (ed.), Vegetace Èeské republiky. 4. Lesní a kűovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 158-159.