Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Class LB
Carpino-Fagetea Jakucs ex Passarge 1968
Mesic and wet deciduous broad-leaved forests

LBA Alnion incanae

LBB Carpinion betuli

LBC Fagion sylvaticae

LBD Sorbo-Fagion sylvaticae

LBE Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae

LBF Tilio platyphylli-Acerion

Carpino-Fagetea is a class of zonal broad-leaved deciduous forests of the European temperate zone, dominated by tree species with intermediate to high demands for soil moisture and nutrients. In the Czech Republic these forests are dominated by Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Alnus glutinosa, A. incana, Carpinus betulus, Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus angustifolia, F. excelsior, Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos, Ulmus glabra and U. laevis. Of conifers, Abies alba has an its optimum in this class and in places dominates the vegetation, and Picea abies occurs in mixed conifer-broad-leaved forests of this class. The range of this class extends from the westernmost part of Europe to the Southern Ural Mountains. Similar forests are also found in western and southern Siberia.

Orig. (Passarge 1968): Carpino-Fagetea (Br.-Bl. et Vlieg. 37) Jakucs 60 em.

Syn.: Querco-Fagetea Br.-Bl. et Vlieger in Vlieger 1937 p. p. (§ 35), Carpino-Fagetea Jakucs 1960 prov. (§ 2b, nomen nudum, § 3b), Carpino-Fagetea Jakucs 1967 prov. (§ 2b, nomen nudum)

Diagnostic species: Abies alba, Acer pseudoplatanus, Carpinus betulus, Fagus sylvatica; Actaea spicata, Asarum europaeum, Athyrium filix-femina, Carex sylvatica, Dentaria bulbifera, Dryopteris filix-mas, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, G. sylvaticum, Geranium robertianum, Hepatica nobilis, Hieracium murorum, Lathyrus vernus, Maianthemum bifolium, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Milium effusum, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Polygonatum multiflorum, Prenanthes purpurea, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Senecio nemorensis agg., Viola reichenbachiana; Atrichum undulatum

Constant species: Fagus sylvatica; Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Mercurialis perennis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Senecio nemorensis agg., Viola reichenbachiana

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LB Carpino-Fagetea Jakucs ex Passarge 1968. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 194-198.