Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBA05
Pruno padi-Fraxinetum excelsioris Oberdorfer 1953

Pruno padi-Fraxinetum excelsioris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Pruno-Fraxinetum comprises floodplain forests dominated by Alnus glutinosa or Fraxinus excelsior, with a well-developed shrub layer of Prunus padus subsp. padus and other species. Herb layer comprises nutrient-demanding species of shaded wet habitats or wet meadows. Species of mesic forests are rare. This association occurs in broad floodplains from the lowlands to altitudes of about 500 m. Many of the current stands originated through forest succession from abandoned wet meadows.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1953): Pruneto-Fraxinetum (Prunus padus, Fraxinus excelsior)

Syn.: Pruno padi-Quercetum roboris Neuhäuslová et Kučera 2004 alnetosum glutinosae Neuhäuslová et Kučera 2004

Diagnostic species: Alnus glutinosa, Euonymus europaeus, Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus padus subsp. padus, Ribes rubrum, Rubus caesius, Sambucus nigra; Festuca gigantea, Ficaria verna, Geum urbanum, Humulus lupulus, Stachys sylvatica

Constant species: Alnus glutinosa, Euonymus europaeus, Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus padus subsp. padus, Quercus robur, Ribes rubrum, Rubus caesius, Sambucus nigra; Aegopodium podagraria, Ajuga reptans, Anemone nemorosa, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Festuca gigantea, Ficaria verna, Galium aparine, Geum urbanum, Glechoma hederacea agg. (predominantly G. hederacea s. str.), Impatiens noli-tangere, Lysimachia nummularia, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Stachys sylvatica, Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus excelsior, Prunus padus subsp. padus; Aegopodium podagraria, Ficaria verna, Impatiens noli-tangere, Mercurialis perennis, Phalaris arundinacea, Urtica dioica

Formal definition: (Alnus glutinosa cover > 25 % OR Fraxinus excelsior cover > 25 %) AND Group Prunus padus NOT Group Cardamine amara NOT Group Carex elongata NOT Group Galium odoratum NOT Group Humulus lupulus

Source: Douda J. (2013): LBA05 Pruno padi-Fraxinetum excelsioris Oberdorfer 1953. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 210-213.