Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBB01
Galio sylvatici-Carpinetum betuli Oberdorfer 1957

Galio sylvatici-Carpinetum betuli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association comprises forests of Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg. and locally also Q. robur. In some areas of southern and western Bohemia, C. betulus is absent due to migration constraints and the canopy is dominated by Q. robur and Tilia cordata. The herb layer has a constant representation of nemoral species, varying depending on soil properties. This association occurs across a broad range of soil conditions from acidic to calcareous, and mesic to moderately dry. This association is distributed in the western part of central Europe. In the Czech Republic, its occurrences are concentrated in the Bohemian Massif.

Nomen conservandum propositum (against Querco pedunculatae-Carpinetum Klika 1928)

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Galio-Carpinetum ass. nov. (Querceto-Carpinetum s. str.) (Galium sylvaticum, Carpinus betulus)

Syn.: Querco pedunculatae-Carpinetum Klika 1928 (potential correct name; § 36, nomen ambiguum rejiciendum propositum), Stellario-Tilietum Moravec 1964, Melampyro nemorosi-Carpinetum sensu auct. bohem. non Passarge 1957 prov. (§ 3b; pseudonym), Melampyro nemorosi-Carpinetum sensu auct. bohem. non Passarge 1962 (pseudonym)

Diagnostic species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg.; Convallaria majalis, Festuca heterophylla, Galium sylvaticum, Hepatica nobilis, Lathyrus niger, L. vernus, Melica nutans, Poa nemoralis, Stellaria holostea, Tanacetum corymbosum

Constant species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg.; Anemone nemorosa, Campanula persicifolia, Convallaria majalis, Fragaria vesca, Galium odoratum, G. sylvaticum, Hepatica nobilis, Hieracium murorum, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Poa nemoralis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Stellaria holostea, Tanacetum corymbosum, Veronica chamaedrys agg.

Dominant species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur; Anemone nemorosa, Convallaria majalis, Galium odoratum, Poa nemoralis, Stellaria holostea

Formal definition: (Carpinus betulus cover > 50 % OR Quercus petraea agg. cover > 50 % OR Quercus robur cover > 50 % OR (Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % AND (Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % OR Quercus robur cover > 25 %)) AND Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea NOT Group Carex pilosa NOT Group Carex remota NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Group Serratula tinctoria NOT Group Urtica dioica NOT Abies alba cover > 25 % NOT Acer platanoides cover > 5 % NOT Acer pseudoplatanus cover > 5 % NOT Carex pilosa cover > 25 % NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 % NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 25 % NOT Larix decidua cover > 25 % NOT Picea abies cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Tilia cordata cover > 25 % NOT Tilia platyphyllos cover > 5 % NOT Ulmus glabra cover > 5 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LBB01 Galio sylvatici-Carpinetum betuli Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 223-227.