Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBB02
Stellario holosteae-Carpinetum betuli Oberdorfer 1957

Stellario holosteae-Carpinetum betuli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These forests are dominated by Carpinus betulus and Quercus robur, less frequently also Q. petraea agg. Their herb layer contains species of mesic and wet soils, including nutrient-demanding species of disturbed habitats. Stellario-Carpinetum occurs on wetter soils than the other associations of the alliance Carpinion betuli. They can be either heavy soils with impeded drainage, or light soils on sites with a high water table.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Stellario-Carpinetum ass. nov. (Stellaria holostea, Carpinus betulus)

Syn.: Melampyro nemorosi-Carpinetum Passarge 1957 prov. (§ 3b), Melampyro nemorosi-Carpinetum Passarge 1962 (pseudonym)

Diagnostic species: Carpinus betulus; Asarum europaeum, Campanula trachelium, Galium sylvaticum, Hepatica nobilis, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Stellaria holostea

Constant species: Carpinus betulus, Tilia cordata; Aegopodium podagraria, Anemone nemorosa, Asarum europaeum, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Campanula trachelium, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, G. sylvaticum, Geum urbanum, Hepatica nobilis, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Polygonatum multiflorum, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Stellaria holostea, Urtica dioica, Viola reichenbachiana

Dominant species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur; Aegopodium podagraria, Galium odoratum, Mercurialis perennis

Formal definition: (Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % OR Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % OR Quercus robur cover > 25 %) AND (Group Carex remota OR Group Urtica dioica) AND Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea NOT Group Caltha palustris NOT Group Carex pilosa NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Group Lathyrus niger NOT Acer platanoides cover > 5 % NOT Acer pseudoplatanus cover > 5 % NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Carex pilosa cover > 25 % NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 % NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 5 % NOT Larix decidua cover > 25 % NOT Picea abies cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Tilia cordata cover > 25 % NOT Tilia platyphyllos cover > 5 % NOT Ulmus glabra cover > 5 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LBB02 Stellario holosteae-Carpinetum betuli Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 227-230.