Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBB03
Carici pilosae-Carpinetum betuli Neuhäusl et Neuhäuslová-Novotná 1964

Carici pilosae-Carpinetum betuli

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

These forests are dominated by Carpinus betulus and Quercus petraea agg. Their herb layer is often dominated by Carex pilosa and contains some species of subcontinental and Submediterranean distribution. The association is common at lower altitudes in the Carpathian part of the Czech Republic, with outlier occurrences also in the eastern part of the Bohemian Massif. Most stands are found on deep soils over flysch, but the range of soil conditions is broad.

Orig. (Neuhäusl & Neuhäuslová-Novotná 1964): Carici pilosae-Carpinetum as. nova (Carpinus betulus)

Diagnostic species: Carpinus betulus, Daphne mezereum, Quercus petraea agg., Tilia cordata; Asarum europaeum, Campanula trachelium, Carex digitata, C. pilosa, Convallaria majalis, Dactylis polygama, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Galium intermedium, G. odoratum, Hacquetia epipactis, Lathyrus vernus, Maianthemum bifolium, Melica nutans, M. uniflora, Neottia nidus-avis, Polygonatum multiflorum, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Sanicula europaea, Symphytum tuberosum, Viola reichenbachiana

Constant species: Carpinus betulus, Quercus petraea agg., Tilia cordata; Aegopodium podagraria, Ajuga reptans, Asarum europaeum, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Campanula trachelium, Carex digitata, C. pilosa, Convallaria majalis, Dactylis polygama, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Fragaria vesca, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium intermedium, G. odoratum, Hieracium murorum, Lathyrus vernus, Maianthemum bifolium, Melica nutans, Poa nemoralis, Polygonatum multiflorum, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Viola reichenbachiana

Dominant species: Carpinus betulus, Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea agg., Q. robur, Tilia cordata; Anemone nemorosa, Carex pilosa, Galium odoratum, Hacquetia epipactis, Melica uniflora

Formal definition: (Carpinus betulus cover > 25 % OR Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % OR Group Lathyrus vernus) AND Group Carex pilosa NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 50 %

Source: Chytrý M. (2013): LBB03 Carici pilosae-Carpinetum betuli Neuhäusl et Neuhäuslová-Novotná 1964. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 230-233.