Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LBC
Fagion sylvaticae Luquet 1926

The alliance Fagion sylvaticae includes climax forests dominated by Fagus sylvatica or Abies alba, in places mixed with other trees, especially Picea abies at high altitudes. A. alba would be naturally confined to wet sites, but under past human impact it replaced F. sylvatica in many places. In recent times it has been in decline. The herb layer of these forests is composed of mesophilous and nutrient-demanding species. Soils are mainly cambisols developed on various bedrock types. The range of this alliance extends through the temperate zone of western and central Europe. Towards the east and south-east it is increasingly confined to mountain areas. In the Czech Republic Fagion sylvaticae forests are typical of submontane and montane areas.

Orig. (Luquet 1926): Fagion (Fagus sylvatica)

Syn.: Asperulo-Fagion Tüxen 1955, Acerenion Oberdorfer 1957 (suballiance), Eu-Fagenion Oberdorfer 1957 p. p. (suballiance), Galio-Abietenion Oberdorfer 1962 (suballiance)

Diagnostic species: Abies alba, Fagus sylvatica; Actaea spicata, Athyrium filix-femina, Carex sylvatica, Dentaria bulbifera, D. enneaphyllos, Dryopteris filix-mas, Festuca altissima, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Hordelymus europaeus, Mercurialis perennis, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Prenanthes purpurea, Sanicula europaea, Senecio nemorensis agg., Viola reichenbachiana

Constant species: Fagus sylvatica; Athyrium filix-femina, Dentaria bulbifera, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Mercurialis perennis, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Senecio nemorensis agg., Viola reichenbachiana

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBC Fagion sylvaticae Luquet 1926. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 236-245.