Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBC02
Mercuriali perennis-Fagetum sylvaticae Scamoni 1935

Mercuriali perennis-Fagetum sylvaticae

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Mercuriali-Fraxinetum comprises mesic nutrient-rich forests dominated by Fagus sylvatica, locally mixed with the nutrient-demanding broad-leaved trees Acer pseudoplatanus and Fraxinus excelsior or the conifers Abies alba and Picea abies. The herb layer consists of forest generalists and nitrophilous species, whereas acidophytes are rarer than in other forests of the alliance Fagion sylvaticae. This association occurs on different bedrock types, but it is found especially on lower slopes where nutrients accumulate. It is common in the submontane and montane areas of the Czech Republic.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Scamoni 1935): Fagus sylvatica-Mercurialis perennis-Assoziation

Syn.: Hordelymo-Fagetum Kuhn 1937, Tilio platyphylli-Fagetum Klika 1939, Melico-Fagetum Seibert 1954 prov., Melico-Fagetum Tüxen (1937) 1955, Dentario enneaphylli-Fagetum Oberdorfer ex W. Matuszkiewicz et A. Matuszkiewicz 1960 p. p., Tilio cordatae-Fagetum Mráz 1960 p. p., Dentario glandulosae-Fagetum W. Matuszkiewicz ex Guzikowa et Korna¶ 1969 p. p., Violo reichenbachianae-Fagetum Moravec 1979

Diagnostic species: Fagus sylvatica; Actaea spicata, Dentaria bulbifera, D. enneaphyllos, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Hordelymus europaeus, Mercurialis perennis, Oxalis acetosella, Viola reichenbachiana

Constant species: Acer pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica; Actaea spicata, Athyrium filix-femina, Dentaria bulbifera, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Geranium robertianum, Mercurialis perennis, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Senecio nemorensis agg., Urtica dioica, Viola reichenbachiana

Dominant species: Fagus sylvatica; Galium odoratum, Mercurialis perennis, Oxalis acetosella

Formal definition: Fagus sylvatica cover > 50 % AND Group Mercurialis perennis NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Carex pilosa NOT Group Cephalanthera damasonium NOT Aruncus dioicus cover > 25 % NOT Carex pilosa cover > 25 % NOT Lunaria rediviva cover > 25 %

Source: Hédl R. (2013): LBC02 Mercuriali perennis-Fagetum sylvaticae Scamoni 1935. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 249-254.