Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBC05
Galio rotundifolii-Abietetum albae Wraber 1959

Galio rotundifolii-Abietetum albae

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These are coniferous forests dominated by Abies alba with frequent occurrence of Picea abies. The herb layer is composed of generalist species of mesotrophic forest soils, nutrient-demanding species and acidophytes. This vegetation type is associated with cambisols developed over gneiss, granite, flysch sediments and other soil and bedrock types. These forests developed from natural fir-beech forests under the impact of forest grazing, litter raking and selective logging. Beech is currently spreading and replacing fir in some parts of the range of this association. In the Czech Republic these forests are most common in south-western Bohemia and north-eastern Moravia, but also occur elsewhere at mid-altitudes.

Orig. (Wraber 1959): Galieto rotundifolii-Abietetum Wraber 1955 (Abies alba)

Syn.: Galieto rotundifolii-Abietetum Wraber 1955 (§ 2b, nomen nudum), Abietetum hercynicum Husová 1968, Pyrolo secundae-Abietetum Oberdorfer ex Stoffler 1975, Deschampsio flexuosae-Abietetum Husová 1968 calamagrostietosum arundinaceae Husová 1983, Carici remotae-Abietetum Husová 1998, Saniculo europaeae-Abietetum Husová (1968) 1998

Diagnostic species: Abies alba, Rubus idaeus, Viscum album (subsp. abietis); Actaea spicata, Carex digitata, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galium rotundifolium, Melica nutans, Moehringia trinervia, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Senecio nemorensis agg.; Eurhynchium angustirete

Constant species: Abies alba, Picea abies, Rubus idaeus; Actaea spicata, Athyrium filix-femina, Carex digitata, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata, D. filix-mas, Fragaria vesca, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Geranium robertianum, Hieracium murorum, Impatiens noli-tangere, Luzula luzuloides, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Moehringia trinervia, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Senecio nemorensis agg., Urtica dioica, Viola reichenbachiana; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Plagiomnium affine s. l., Polytrichum formosum

Dominant species: Abies alba; Calamagrostis arundinacea, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Impatiens noli-tangere, Mercurialis perennis, Oxalis acetosella, Senecio nemorensis agg.; Eurhynchium angustirete, Plagiomnium affine s. l.

Formal definition: Abies alba cover > 50 % AND (Group Asarum europaeum OR Group Galium odoratum OR Group Lathyrus vernus) NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 %

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBC05 Galio rotundifolii-Abietetum albae Wraber 1959. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 259-263.