Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBD01
Cephalanthero damasonii-Fagetum sylvaticae Oberdorfer 1957

Cephalanthero damasonii-Fagetum sylvaticae

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Cephalanthero-Fagetum is an association of calcicolous forests of Fagus sylvatica with an admixture of other trees and often with a well-developed shrub layer composed of light-demanding species such as Sorbus aria agg. The herb layer contains mesophilous forest species together with calcicolous, thermophilous and light-demanding species, many of them typical of oak forests and forest edges. A typical feature of these forests is the occurrence of Cephalanthera spp. and other orchids. In the Czech Republic this vegetation type occurs on limestone, marlstone and calcareous sandstone at altitudes below 625 m. As such substrates are spottily distributed throughout the country, this vegetation type is not very common.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Cephalanthero-Fagetum ass. nov. (Cephalanthera damasonium – označena jako charakteristický druh, C. rubra, Fagus sylvatica)

Diagnostic species: Daphne mezereum, Fagus sylvatica; Arabis hirsuta agg. (predominantly A. hirsuta), Carex digitata, Cephalanthera damasonium, C. rubra, Corallorhiza trifida, Epipactis helleborine agg., Hedera helix, Hepatica nobilis, Hieracium murorum, Lathyrus vernus, Mercurialis perennis, Neottia nidus-avis, Orthilia secunda, Sesleria caerulea, Viola collina; Ctenidium molluscum

Constant species: Fagus sylvatica; Campanula rapunculoides, Carex digitata, Cephalanthera damasonium, Epipactis helleborine agg., Galium odoratum, Hepatica nobilis, Hieracium murorum, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Mycelis muralis, Poa nemoralis

Dominant species: Fagus sylvatica; Hieracium murorum, Petasites albus, Sesleria caerulea

Formal definition: Fagus sylvatica cover > 50 % AND (Sesleria caerulea cover > 5 % OR Group Cephalanthera damasonium OR Group Geranium sanguineum OR Group Lathyrus niger) NOT Group Carex pilosa NOT Carex pilosa cover > 25 %

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBD01 Cephalanthero damasonii-Fagetum sylvaticae Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 264-266.