Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LBE
Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Lohmeyer et Txen in Txen 1954

The alliance Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae includes forests dominated by Fagus sylvatica and, less commonly, Abies alba, which occur on nutrient-poor acidic soils over hard siliceous bedrock types. At higher altitudes Picea abies is often present in the tree layer. The shrub layer of these forests is poorly developed and the herb layer is species-poor. In the Czech Republic these forests occur in a broad altitudinal range from 200 to 1200 m, in both the Bohemian Massif and the Carpathians.

Orig. (Txen 1954): Luzulo-Fagion Lohmeyer et Txen (Luzula nemorosa = L. luzuloides, L. silvatica, Fagus sylvatica)

Syn.: Deschampsio-Fagion So 1971

Diagnostic species: Abies alba, Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies; Avenella flexuosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Hieracium murorum, Luzula luzuloides, Maianthemum bifolium, Oxalis acetosella, Prenanthes purpurea, Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranella heteromalla, Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Paraleucobryum longifolium, Polytrichum formosum

Constant species: Abies alba, Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies; Avenella flexuosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Hieracium murorum, Luzula luzuloides, Oxalis acetosella, Senecio nemorensis agg., Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Polytrichum formosum

Source: Hdl R. (2013): LBE Luzulo-Fagion sylvaticae Lohmeyer et Txen in Txen 1954. In: Chytr M. (ed.), Vegetace esk republiky. 4. Lesn a kovinn vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 266-268.