Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBE02
Calamagrostio villosae-Fagetum sylvaticae Mikyška 1972

Calamagrostio villosae-Fagetum sylvaticae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association comprises montane acidophilous beech forests. In addition to the dominant Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies is frequent in the tree layer. The shrub layer is poorly developed and usually composed of tree regeneration. The herb layer is typically dominated by Calamagrostis villosa, locally also C. arundinacea, and it contains various montane species. This association occurs on nutrient-poor acidic soils at altitudes of 800–1150 m.

Orig. (Mikyška 1972): Calamagrostio villosae-Fagetum (Fagus sylvatica)

Diagnostic species: Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies; Blechnum spicant, Calamagrostis villosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Homogyne alpina, Maianthemum bifolium, Oxalis acetosella, Phegopteris connectilis, Polygonatum verticillatum, Prenanthes purpurea; Dicranella heteromalla, Polytrichum formosum, Racomitrium sudeticum

Constant species: Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, Rubus idaeus; Athyrium filix-femina, Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis villosa, Dryopteris dilatata, Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Homogyne alpina, Maianthemum bifolium, Oxalis acetosella, Phegopteris connectilis, Polygonatum verticillatum, Prenanthes purpurea, Senecio nemorensis agg., Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranella heteromalla, Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum formosum

Dominant species: Fagus sylvatica; Calamagrostis arundinacea, C. villosa, Vaccinium myrtillus

Formal definition: Fagus sylvatica cover > 50 % AND (Calamagrostis arundinacea cover > 25 % OR Calamagrostis villosa cover > 25 %) AND Group Trientalis europaea NOT Group Galium odoratum NOT Group Mercurialis perennis

Source: Hédl R. (2013): LBE02 Calamagrostio villosae-Fagetum sylvaticae Mikyška 1972. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 271-274.