Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBE03
Luzulo-Abietetum albae Oberdorfer 1957

Luzulo-Abietetum albae

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

Luzulo-Abietetum is an association of Abies alba forests with admixed Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris and to a limited extent also with deciduous trees. Their shrub layer is poorly developed, while the species-poor herb layer is dominated by graminoids and in some places Vaccinium myrtillus or ferns. It occurs on nutrient-poor acidic rocks, on both gentle and steep slopes. Many stands probably developed from natural beech forests under long-term human impact.

Orig. (Oberdorfer 1957): Luzulo-Abietetum ass. nov. (Luzula luzuloides, L. pilosa, L. silvatica, Abies alba)

Syn.: Vaccinio myrtilli-Abietetum Kuoch 1954 (§ 31, younger homonym, non: Vaccinio myrtilli-Abietetum albae Zeidler 1953) typische Variante, Luzulo pilosae-Abietetum Mráz 1957, Deschampsio flexuosae-Abietetum Husová 1968 deschampsietosum flexuosae Husová 1983

Diagnostic species: Abies alba, Picea abies, Viscum album (subsp. abietis); Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata, Hieracium murorum, Luzula pilosa, Oxalis acetosella, Vaccinium myrtillus; Eurhynchium angustirete, Polytrichum formosum, Thuidium tamariscinum

Constant species: Abies alba, Picea abies, Rubus fruticosus agg., R. idaeus, Sorbus aucuparia; Athyrium filix-femina, Avenella flexuosa, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata, D. filix-mas, Hieracium murorum, Luzula luzuloides, L. pilosa, Maianthemum bifolium, Mycelis muralis, Oxalis acetosella, Senecio nemorensis agg., Vaccinium myrtillus; Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Plagiomnium affine s. l., Pleurozium schreberi, Polytrichum formosum

Dominant species: Abies alba, Rubus fruticosus agg.; Calamagrostis arundinacea, Oxalis acetosella; Polytrichum formosum

Formal definition: Abies alba cover > 50 % AND (Group Hieracium sabaudum OR Group Vaccinium myrtillus) AND Group Oxalis acetosella NOT Group Asarum europaeum NOT Group Carex digitata NOT Group Galium odoratum NOT Group Lathyrus vernus NOT Group Mercurialis perennis NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 %

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBE03 Luzulo-Abietetum albae Oberdorfer 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 274-277.