Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Alliance LBF
Tilio platyphylli-Acerion Klika 1955

The Tilio-Acerion alliance includes azonal forests occurring in ravines, on talus slopes and cliffs, which are composed of the nutrient-demanding trees Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos and Ulmus glabra. Limes (Tilia spp.) occur mainly on slightly drier sites, while the others prefer wetter sites. Other tree species typical of adjacent zonal forests can also be found mixed in the tree layer. The shrub and herb layers contain nitrophilous and mesotrophic forest species, frequently including ferns. These forests occur throughout the Czech Republic on various bedrock types and are absent only on mountain summits and in flat lowland regions. Most stands are however of limited extent. They are most common in deep river valleys.

Orig. (Klika 1955): Tilieto-Acerion fed. n. (Tilia platyphyllos, Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus)

Diagnostic species: Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Corylus avellana, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos, Ulmus glabra; Actaea spicata, Asarum europaeum, Campanula trachelium, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, G. sylvaticum, Geranium robertianum, Hepatica nobilis, Impatiens noli-tangere, Lathyrus vernus, Lunaria rediviva, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Poa nemoralis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg.

Constant species: Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus excelsior, Ulmus glabra; Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Geranium robertianum, Impatiens noli-tangere, Mercurialis perennis, Oxalis acetosella, Poa nemoralis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Senecio nemorensis agg., Urtica dioica

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBF Tilio platyphylli-Acerion Klika 1955. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 281-282.