Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LBF01
Aceri-Tilietum Faber 1936

Aceri-Tilietum

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes ravine and rock outcrop forests with a diverse tree layer containing Acer spp., Carpinus betulus, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus spp., Tilia spp., Ulmus glabra and other species. The shrub layer is well developed and species-rich. The herb layer contains nitrophilous forest species and species of oak-hornbeam forests. This association is common especially at lower altitudes, mainly in the stream valleys of the Bohemian Massif.

Orig. (Faber 1936): Acereto-Tilietum (Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos)

Syn.: Acer pseudoplatanus-Fraxinus-Wald Koch 1926, Poo nemoralis-Tilietum cordatae Firbas et Sigmond 1928 (§ 37, nomen dubium), Aceri pseudoplatani-Fraxinetum Rübel 1930 (§ 36, nomen ambiguum rejiciendum propositum), Aceri-Carpinetum betuli Klika 1941, Querco-Tilietum Rühl 1967, Querco roboris-Aceretum Husová 1968 typicum Husová 1968, Tilio platyphylli-Abietetum Husová 1968 stellarietosum Husová 1968 et typicum Husová 1968

Diagnostic species: Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Carpinus betulus, Lonicera xylosteum, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos, Ulmus glabra; Campanula trachelium, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium sylvaticum, Hepatica nobilis, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg.

Constant species: Acer platanoides, A. pseudoplatanus, Carpinus betulus, Corylus avellana, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos; Aegopodium podagraria, Alliaria petiolata, Asarum europaeum, Campanula trachelium, Dryopteris filix-mas, Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, G. sylvaticum, Geranium robertianum, Geum urbanum, Hepatica nobilis, Lathyrus vernus, Melica nutans, Mercurialis perennis, Poa nemoralis, Pulmonaria officinalis agg., Stellaria holostea, Urtica dioica

Dominant species: Acer pseudoplatanus, Carpinus betulus, Corylus avellana, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, T. platyphyllos; Galeobdolon luteum agg., Galium odoratum, Mercurialis perennis; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l.

Formal definition: (Tilia cordata cover > 25 % OR Tilia platyphyllos cover > 25 % OR Group Ulmus glabra) AND ((Polypodium vulgare agg. cover > 5 % AND Group Vaccinium myrtillus) OR ((Group Alliaria petiolata OR Group Lathyrus vernus) AND (Group Mercurialis perennis OR Group Urtica dioica))) NOT Group Carex pilosa NOT Group Carex remota NOT Group Corydalis cava NOT Group Geranium sanguineum NOT Alnus glutinosa cover > 5 % NOT Alnus incana cover > 5 % NOT Aruncus dioicus cover > 5 % NOT Carpinus betulus cover > 50 % NOT Fagus sylvatica cover > 25 % NOT Fraxinus excelsior cover > 50 % NOT Larix decidua cover > 25 % NOT Lunaria rediviva cover > 5 % NOT Picea abies cover > 25 % NOT Pinus sylvestris cover > 25 % NOT Quercus petraea agg. cover > 25 % NOT Quercus robur cover > 25 %

Source: Boublík K. (2013): LBF01 Aceri-Tilietum Faber 1936. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 282-286.