Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LCA02
Lithospermo purpurocaerulei-Quercetum pubescentis Michalko 1957

Lithospermo purpurocaerulei-Quercetum pubescentis

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association comprises open, low-growing stands of Quercus pubescens agg., in places accompanied by Q. petraea agg. Stand physiognomy is similar to that of the previous association, however, Lithospermo-Quercetum pubescentis contains a higher proportion of dry grassland species and several species absent in the dry areas of Bohemia, e.g. Dorycnium herbaceum, Euonymus verrucosus, Euphorbia epithymoides, Inula ensifolia, Iris pumila and Verbascum chaixii subsp. austriacum. It occurs in small patches on south-facing slopes with shallow, base-rich soils over calcareous flysch sediments or poorly weathering limestone in the dry areas of southern Moravia.

Nomen inversum propositum

Orig. (Michalko 1957): Asociácia Quercus pubescens-Lithospermum purpureo-coeruleum (Lithospermum purpureo-coeruleum = Buglossoides purpurocaerulea)

Syn.: Pruno mahaleb-Quercetum pubescentis Jakucs et Fekete 1957 (§ 3f), Pruno mahaleb-Quercetum pubescentis Jakucs et Fekete ex Jakucs 1961, Asplenio cuneifolii-Quercetum petraeae Chytrý et Horák 1997 p. p.

Diagnostic species: Acer campestre, Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna s. l., Euonymus verrucosus, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus fruticosa, P. spinosa, Quercus pubescens agg., Sorbus torminalis, Staphylea pinnata, Viburnum lantana; Adonis vernalis, Ajuga genevensis, Anthericum ramosum, Asparagus officinalis, Aster amellus, Brachypodium pinnatum, Buglossoides purpurocaerulea, Bupleurum falcatum, Campanula bononiensis, Carex humilis, C. michelii, Cirsium pannonicum, Clinopodium vulgare, Crepis praemorsa, Dictamnus albus, Dorycnium pentaphyllum agg., Erysimum virgatum agg., Euphorbia cyparissias, E. epithymoides, Galium glaucum, Genista tinctoria, Geranium sanguineum, Helianthemum grandiflorum subsp. obscurum, Inula conyzae, I. ensifolia, I. hirta, I. ×stricta, Iris pumila, I. variegata, Melampyrum cristatum, Origanum vulgare, Peucedanum alsaticum, P. cervaria, Pilosella bauhini, Potentilla patula, Salvia pratensis, Securigera varia, Silene nutans, Stachys recta, Stipa capillata, Tanacetum corymbosum, Teucrium chamaedrys, Thalictrum minus, Thymus glabrescens, Veronica spicata, V. teucrium, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Viola hirta, V. mirabilis

Constant species: Acer campestre, Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna s. l., Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus spinosa, Quercus pubescens agg., Sorbus torminalis, Viburnum lantana; Elymus repens, Adonis vernalis, Ajuga genevensis, Anthericum ramosum, Aster amellus, Brachypodium pinnatum, Buglossoides purpurocaerulea, Bupleurum falcatum, Campanula bononiensis, Carex humilis, Clinopodium vulgare, Dictamnus albus, Dorycnium pentaphyllum agg., Euphorbia cyparissias, E. epithymoides, Festuca rupicola, Galium glaucum, Geranium sanguineum, Helianthemum grandiflorum subsp. obscurum, Inula ensifolia, Lotus corniculatus, Origanum vulgare, Peucedanum cervaria, Poa pratensis agg., Salvia pratensis, Securigera varia, Stachys recta, Tanacetum corymbosum, Teucrium chamaedrys, Veronica spicata, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria, Viola hirta; Abietinella abietina, Brachytheciastrum velutinum, Ceratodon purpureus, Hypnum cupressiforme s. l., Plagiomnium affine s. l.

Dominant species: Quercus pubescens agg.; Carex humilis

Formal definition: (Quercus petraea agg. cover > 10 % OR Quercus pubescens agg. cover > 10 % OR Quercus robur cover > 10 %) AND Group Buglossoides purpurocaerulea AND Group Inula ensifolia

Source: Roleček J. (2013): LCA02 Lithospermo purpurocaerulei-Quercetum pubescentis Michalko 1957. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 307-310.