Vegetation Science Group

Department of Botany and Zoology | Faculty of Science | Masaryk University

Vegetation of the Czech Republic

Association LCB02
Carici fritschii-Quercetum roboris Chytrý et Horák 1997

Carici fritschii-Quercetum roboris

Photo on botanickafotogalerie.cz

This association includes former forest pastures dominated by tall stands of Quercus robur. Their shrub layer is sparse, whereas the herb layer is well developed and species-rich. It contains several species adapted to an intermittent moisture regime. This association is endemic to lowland sandy plains of southern Moravia (Hodonín region) and adjacent western Slovakia. The sand in this area is acidic, but overlays base-rich clays, which enables the occurrence of calcicoles mixed with acidophytes.

Orig. (Chytrý & Horák 1997): Carici fritschii-Quercetumroboris ass. nova

Diagnostic species: Frangula alnus, Quercus robur; Asperula tinctoria, Betonica officinalis, Carex fritschii, Cerastium arvense, Clinopodium vulgare, Convallaria majalis, Festuca amethystina, F. ovina, Galium boreale subsp. boreale, Genista tinctoria, Geranium sanguineum, Iris variegata, Laserpitium prutenicum, Melampyrum cristatum, M. pratense, Peucedanum oreoselinum, Platanthera chlorantha, Polygonatum odoratum, Potentilla alba, Pulmonaria angustifolia, Ranunculus polyanthemos, Selinum carvifolia, Serratula tinctoria, Silene nutans, S. vulgaris, Trifolium alpestre, Valeriana stolonifera, Vicia cassubica, V. sepium, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Constant species: Frangula alnus, Quercus robur; Achillea millefolium agg., Ajuga reptans, Anthoxanthum odoratum agg. (A. odoratum s. str.), Arrhenatherum elatius, Asperula tinctoria, Betonica officinalis, Carex fritschii, C. pallescens, Cerastium arvense, Clinopodium vulgare, Convallaria majalis, Dactylis glomerata, Euphorbia cyparissias, Festuca ovina, Fragaria vesca, Galium boreale subsp. boreale, G. mollugo agg. (G. album), G. verum agg., Genista tinctoria, Geranium sanguineum, Hypericum perforatum, Iris variegata, Laserpitium prutenicum, Luzula campestris agg., Lysimachia vulgaris, Melampyrum cristatum, M. pratense, Molinia caerulea agg. (predominantly M. arundinacea), Peucedanum oreoselinum, Pimpinella saxifraga, Platanthera chlorantha, Poa pratensis agg., Polygonatum odoratum, Potentilla alba, P. erecta, Ranunculus polyanthemos, Scrophularia nodosa, Selinum carvifolia, Serratula tinctoria, Silene nutans, S. vulgaris, Solidago virgaurea, Succisa pratensis, Teucrium chamaedrys, Trifolium alpestre, Valeriana stolonifera, Veronica chamaedrys agg., Vicia cassubica, V. sepium, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria; Hypnum cupressiforme s. l.

Dominant species: Quercus robur; Convallaria majalis, Molinia caerulea agg.

Formal definition: (Quercus robur cover > 10 % OR Quercus petraea agg. cover > 10 %) AND Group Anthoxanthum odoratum AND Group Geranium sanguineum AND Group Serratula tinctoria NOT Group Lathyrus niger

Source: Roleček J. (2013): LCB02 Carici fritschii-Quercetum roboris Chytrý et Horák 1997. In: Chytrý M. (ed.), Vegetace České republiky. 4. Lesní a křovinná vegetace [Vegetation of the Czech Republic 4. Forest and shrub vegetation]. Academia, Praha, pp. 320-323.